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Table 4 Basic demographic data of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma of different BCLC stages between surgical resection and non-surgical resection after propensity score matching

From: Surgical resection significantly promotes the overall survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a propensity score matching analysis

Variable BCLC stage 0 (N = 43) BCLC stage A (N = 578) BCLC stage B (N = 327) BCLC stage C (N = 116)
SR
(N = 27)
Non-SR (N = 18) P value SR
(N = 289)
Non-SR
(N = 289)
P value SR
(N = 164)
Non-SR (N = 163) P value SR
(N = 58)
Non-SR
(N = 58)
P value
Male 21 (77.8) 13 (72.2) 0.671 208 (72) 197 (68.2) 0.318 135 (82.3) 137 (84) 0.675 45 (77.6) 48 (82.8) 0.485
Age (years) 55 (23–83) 59 (24–85) 0.312 62 (29–90) 60 (28–92) 0.066 61 (30–88) 62 (30–91) 0.346 60 (25–87) 60 (19–99) 0.910
Smoking 10 (37) 10 (55.6) 0.221 114 (39.4) 95 (32.9) 0.128 71 (43.3) 57 (35.0) 0.123 20 (34.5) 16 (27.5) 0.151
Alcohol use 8 (29.8) 7 (38.9) 0.519 96 (33.2) 86 (29.8) 0.371 67 (40.9) 62 (38.0) 0.602 17 (29.3) 13 (22.4) 0.283
HBV positive 25 (92.6) 12 (66.7) 0.260 200 (69.2) 200 (69.2) 1.000 111 (67.7) 108 (66.3) 0.784 41 (70.7) 36 (62.1) 0.085
HCV positive 6 (22.2) 5 (27.5) 0.671 89 (30.8) 76 (26.3) 0.231 41 (25.0) 44 (27.0) 0.681 18 (31.0) 11 (19.0) 0.133
Cirrhosis 20 (74.1) 13 (72.2) 0.891 177 (61.2) 168 (58.1) 0.445 95 (57.9) 80 (49.1) 0.109 28 (48.3) 27 (46.5) 0.873
Child–Pugh class A 20 (74.1) 13 (72.2) 0.891 87 (30.1) 92 (31.8) 0.819 60 (36.6) 68 (41.7) 0.198 20 (34.5) 18 (31.0) 0.796
Tumor size (cm) 1.7 (1.0–2.0) 1.6 (1.0–2.0) 0.812 2.8 (1.0–5.0) 2.7 (1.0–5.0) 0.289 7.7 (1.2–21) 7.5 (1.2–21) 0.105 9.5 (1.2–27) 9.4 (1.2–27) 0.885
Tumor number 1 (1–1) 1 (1–1) 1.000 1.4 (1–3) 1.5 (1–3) 0.227 2.3 (1–5) 2.5 (1–11) 0.077 2.7 (1–11) 2.7 (1–11) 0.903
Mortality 15 (55.6) 12 (66.7) 0.456 155 (53.6) 183 (63.3) 0.018 95 (57.9) 103 (63.2) 0.33 28 (48.3) 55 (94.8) 0.0001
Median OS (months) 70 (30–96) 43 (11–81)   53 (3–88) 46 (1–96)   41 (4–84) 20 (1–72)   38(6–79) 16 (1–62)  
  1. BCLC stage: Barcelona clinic liver cancer; SR: Surgical resection; HR: Hazard ratio; CI: Conference incidence; HBV: Hepatitis B virus; HCV: Hepatitis C virus; OS: Overall survival; Number (%); Mean or Median (range)