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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in recurrence and non-recurrence groups

From: Clinical characteristics of acute pancreatitis in children: a single-center experience in Western China

Variables Recurrence group Non-recurrence group p Value
n = 19 n = 111
Age, years 11.2 ± 4.2 11.3 ± 4.2 0.926a
Sex, n%    0.001b
 Male 4 (5.6%) 68 (94.4%)  
 Female 15 (25.9%) 43 (74.1%)  
Etiology, n%
 Biliary 5 (12.2%) 36 (87.8%) 0.804b
 Idiopathic 6 (16.2%) 31 (83.8%) 0.745b
 Trauma 3 (14.3%) 18 (85.7%) 0.963b
 Hypertriglyceridemia 5 (41.7%) 7 (58.3%) 0.016c
 Viral infection 0 (0%) 13 (100%) 0.116b
 Drug-induced 0 (0%) 6 (100%) 0.299b
Severity, n%    0.034d
 MAP 11 (11.5%) 85 (88.5%)  
 MASP 6 (20%) 24 (80%)  
 SAP 2 (50%) 2 (50%)  
Complication, n%
 APFC 7 (36.8%) 16 (14.4%) 0.044c
 ANC 3 (15.8%) 3 (2.7%) 0.040c
 PPC 2 (14.3%) 12 (85.7%) 1.000c
 SIRS 4 (21.2%) 8 (7.2%) 0.075c
  1. aMann-Whitney U test
  2. bChi-square test
  3. cFisher’s exact test
  4. dTrend Chi-squared test
  5. MAP: mild acute pancreatitis, MASP: moderately-severe acute pancreatitis, SAP: severe acute pancreatitis, APFC: acute peripancreatic fluid collection, ANC: acute necrotic collection, PPC: pancreatic pseudocyst, SIRS: systemic inflammatory response syndrome