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Table 3 Stratified analysis of association between meat subtypes intakes and NAFLD risk

From: Association of meat consumption with NAFLD risk and liver-related biochemical indexes in older Chinese: a cross-sectional study

Subgroup Red meat (per 50 g/day) Processed meat (per 50 g/day) Poultry (per 50 g/day) Fish (per 50 g/day)
OR (95%CI) P for interaction OR (95%CI) P for interaction OR (95%CI) P for interaction OR (95%CI) P for interaction
Gender   0.259   0.759   0.565   0.844
 Male 1.177 (1.013–1.368)   0.991 (0.798–1.231)   1.156 (0.737–1.838)   0.962 (0.820–1.128)  
 Female 1.097 (0.883–1.364)   1.165 (0.619–2.193)   0.896 (0.397–2.018)   1.009 (0.857–1.188)  
Age   0.503   0.208   0.121   0.220
 < 60 years 1.112 (0.969–1.276)   1.004 (0.812–1.243)   0.990 (0.649–1.510)   0.956 (0.841–1.087)  
  ≥ 60 years 1.255 (0.956–1.649)   3.397 (0.657–17.567)   2.134 (0.686–6.636)   1.201 (0.870–1.657)  
BMI   0.543   0.346   0.391   0.947
 < 24 kg/m2 1.141 (0.906–1.438)   0.856 (0.508–1.441)   1.124 (0.624–2.024)   1.025 (0.873–1.205)  
  ≥ 24 kg/m2 1.195 (1.029–1.387)   1.196 (0.789–1.811)   1.542 (0.880–2.704)   1.002 (0.855–1.175)  
Smoking status   0.425   0.811   0.746   0.732
 Never 1.079 (0.916–1.271)   1.195 (0.685–2.082)   1.332 (0.747–2.376)   1.018 (0.888–1.168)  
 Former 1.560 (0.908–2.680)   1.422 (0.052–39.060)   1.246 (0.228–6.818)   1.047 (0.697–1.573)  
 Current 1.176 (0.959–1.442)   1.006 (0.798–1.269)   0.936 (0.535–1.638)   0.919 (0.726–1.164)  
Tea intake status   0.095   0.842   0.201   0.745
 No 1.014 (0.832–1.235)   1.006 (0.808–1.253)   0.822 (0.430–1.570)   0.965 (0.726–1.281)  
 Yes 1.229 (1.048–1.442)   1.037 (0.499–2.155)   1.413 (0.838–2.385)   0.994 (0.875–1.131)  
Hypertension   0.166   0.195   0.363   0.094
 No 1.037 (0.884–1.216)   1.269 (0.870–1.852)   0.935 (0.568–1.537)   0.905 (0.760–1.079)  
 Yes 1.304 (1.063–1.598)   0.766 (0.389–1.508)   1.440 (0.752–2.757)   1.138 (0.945–1.369)  
Dyslipidemia   0.245   0.118   0.607   0.709
 No 1.203 (1.017–1.424)   1.686 (0.806–3.526)   1.208 (0.709–2.056)   0.999 (0.860–1.159)  
 Yes 1.072 (0.898–1.278)   0.958 (0.759–1.211)   1.037 (0.594–1.812)   0.975 (0.811–1.172)  
Diabetes   0.973   0.852   0.112   0.110
 No 1.129 (0.988–1.290)   1.001 (0.810–1.237)   0.978 (0.631–1.518)   0.936 (0.813–1.076)  
 Yes 1.272 (0.923–1.753)   1.206 (0.357–4.073)   2.816 (0.990–8.008)   1.447 (1.017–2.059)  
Physical activity   0.745   0.730   0.653   0.736
 < 9.0 h/week 1.135 (0.949–1.356)   0.800 (0.346–1.851)   1.211 (0.716–2.046)   1.001 (0.828–1.211)  
  ≥ 9.0 h/week 1.134 (0.957–1.344)   1.024 (0.829–1.266)   1.070 (0.600–1.908)   0.986 (0.851–1.142)  
  1. NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases; BMI, body mass index
  2. *Adjusted for age, gender, BMI, smoking status, tea intake status, weekly hours of physical activity and the presence of hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes