Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population by quartiles of the total intake of red, processed meat, poultry and fish

From: Association of meat consumption with NAFLD risk and liver-related biochemical indexes in older Chinese: a cross-sectional study

  Q1 (< 65.12 g/day) Q2 (65.12–95.00 g/day) Q3 (95.01–150.80 g/day) Q4 (> 150.80 g/day) P
Age (years), M (IQR) 53 (49–59) 52 (49–58) 52 (48–57) 52 (48–57) 0.010
Gender, n (%)      < 0.001
 Male 129 (39.7) 223 (47.2) 237 (59.4) 263 (66.1)  
 Female 196 (60.3) 249 (52.8) 162 (40.6) 135 (33.9)  
NAFLD, n (%) 84 (25.8) 151 (32.0) 136 (34.1) 152 (38.2) 0.005
Educational level, n (%)      < 0.001
 Primary school and less than 71 (21.8) 71 (15.0) 40 (10.00) 34 (8.5)  
 Junior middle and high school 154 (47.4) 228 (48.3) 197 (49.4) 209 (52.5)  
 Junior college or above 100 (30.8) 173 (36.7) 162 (40.6) 155 (38.9)  
Income (yuan/month), n (%)       < 0.001
 < 2000 52 (16.0) 36 (7.6) 28 (7.0) 24 (6.0)  
 2000–3000 131 (40.3) 167 (35.4) 121 (30.3) 120 (30.2)  
 > 3000 142 (43.7) 269 (57.0) 250 (62.7) 254 (63.8)  
Marital status, n (%)      < 0.001
 Married 312 (96.0) 469 (99.4) 391 (98.0) 397 (99.7)  
 Single or other 13 (4.0) 3 (0.6) 8 (2.0) 1 (0.3)  
Smoking status, n (%)      < 0.001
 Never 264 (81.2) 382 (80.9) 283 (70.9) 248 (62.3)  
 Former 17 (5.2) 20 (4.2) 24 (6.0) 34 (8.55)  
 Current 44 (13.5) 70 (14.8) 92 (23.11) 116 (29.1)  
Tea intake status, n (%)       < 0.001
 No 168 (51.7) 218 (46.2) 147 (36.8) 136 (34.2)  
 Yes 157 (48.3) 254 (53.8) 252 (63.2) 262 (65.8)  
BMI (kg/m2), M (IQR) 22.72 (21.06–24.98) 23.60 (21.64–25.40) 23.41 (21.48–25.64) 24.10 (22.49–26.09) < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm), M (IQR) 83 (76–89) 83 (77–90) 85 (78–91) 86 (80–92) < 0.001
Hip circumference (cm), M (IQR) 94 (91–98) 95 (91–99) 96 (92–99) 97 (93–101) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg), M (IQR) 124 (112–140) 120 (110–132) 120 (110–131) 122 (112–134) 0.124
DBP (mmHg), M (IQR) 80 (74–88) 80 (77–88) 80 (75–88) 80 (76–90) 0.317
Hypertension, n (%) 132 (40.6) 170 (36.0) 148 (37.1) 157 (39.4) 0.528
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 121 (37.2) 165 (35.0) 144 (36.1) 162 (40.7) 0.345
Diabetes, n (%) 66 (20.3) 96 (20.3) 77 (19.3) 74 (18.6) 0.909
GGT (U/L), M (IQR) 22 (17–33) 24 (17–36) 26 (18–39) 28 (20–44) < 0.001
ALT (U/L), M (IQR) 19 (14–25) 20 (15–27) 21 (16–29) 21 (16–30) 0.001
AST (U/L), M (IQR) 22 (19–26) 22 (19–26) 22 (19–26) 23 (19–27) 0.318
FPG (mg/dL), M (IQR) 469.44 (441.98–513.73) 467.67 (443.76–516.39) 467.67 (438.44–505.76) 469.44 (441.10–510.19) 0.708
TC (mg/dL), M (IQR) 460.58 (410.98–505.76) 467.67 (416.30–513.73) 465.90 (420.73–528.79) 460.58 (420.73–523.47) 0.328
TG ( mg/dL), M (IQR) 119.57 (85.92–170.95) 127.55 (91.23–174.49) 126.66 (92.12–178.03) 130.20 (93.00–183.35) 0.354
LDL (mg/dL), M (IQR) 293.18 (239.15–339.24) 296.72 (248.89–344.55) 293.18 (248.89–350.75) 294.07 (239.15–336.58) 0.610
HDL (mg/dL), M (IQR) 116.92 (101.86–129.32) 116.92 (100.97–129.32) 116.92 (100.97–129.32) 114.26 (98.32–127.55) 0.124
Physical activity (hours/week), M (IQR) 10.5 (4.5–17.5) 9.5 (4.0–15.3) 8.9 (4.1–15.0) 7.0 (3.5–15.6) 0.051
  1. BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; GGT, γ-glutamyl transferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; FPG, fasting plasma-glucose; TC, total cholesterol; TG, total triglyceride; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; M (IQR) = Median (Interquartile range); Q = quartile