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Table 3 Demographics and cystic features in malignant versus non-malignant cysts in both cohorts

From: Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration is useful in pancreatic cysts smaller than 3 cm

  Malignant (n = 17) Non-malignant (n = 98) p value
Female n (%) 9 (52.6%) 65 (66.3%) 0.551
Mean age ± SD (range) 62.9 ± 12.3 (43–80) 63.1 ± 11.9 (33–86) 0.987
Symptomsa n (%) 12 (70.6%) 9 (9.2%) 0.000
Cyst location (head, body, tail, multiple) 10/5/2/0 35/37/21/5 0.059
Cyst size (mm) mean ± SD (range) 21.6 ± 6 (10–29) 18 ± 6.1 (5–29) 0.030
Cyst size > 20 mm 10 (58.8%) 33 (33.7%) 0.049
Septa n (%) 6 (35.3%) 56 (57.1%) 0.080
Nodule n (%) 10 (58.8%) 21 (21.4%) 0.001
Adenopathy n (%) 6 (35.3%) 1 (1%) 0.000
Amylase (U/L) ± SD (range) 3564 ± 10,644 (7–40,223) 41,437 ± 111,030 (3–786,486) 0.049
CEA (ng/mL) ± SD (range) 1522 ± 39,505 (5–150,490) 2725 ± 17,173 (1–155,012) 0.053
Conclusive cytology n (%) 14 (82.4%) 25 (25.8%) 0.001
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aPain, weight loss, vomiting, jaundice, acute pancreatitis