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Table 1 Main clinical characteristics of patients with celiac disease (CD), non-celiac self-reported wheat sensitivity (NCSRWS) and control

From: More fuel to the fire: some patients with non-celiac self-reported wheat sensitivity exhibit adaptive immunological responses in duodenal mucosa

  CD (n = 15) NCSRWS (n = 9) Control (n = 10)
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD 55.2 ± 15.9 49.8 ± 13.6 53.2 ± 9.1
Female 13 9 5
Food allergies 2a 1b 0
Autoimmune disease 12 2 4
Osteopenia/osteoporosis 5 3 1
Body mass index kg/m2
 Mean ± SD 23.4 (21–39) 21.5 (18–25) 25 (22–28)
  1. aFish
  2. bBerries