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Table 1 Clinical and demographic data of participants

From: Changes in plasma bile acids are associated with gallbladder stones and polyps

  All Healthy Cholecystolithiasis Non-neoplastic Polyps P value*
Patients 330 13 292 25  
Male 123 (37.27%) 6 (46.15%) 107 (36.64%) 10 (40%) 0.753
Female 207 (62.73%) 7 (53.85%) 185 (63.36%) 15 (60%) 0.753
Age (mean ± SD) 51.87 ± 14.05 60.85 ± 22.96 51.9 ± 13.41 46.88 ± 13.85 0.035
BMI (mean ± SD) 24.27 ± 12.68 24.55 ± 4.34 24.27 ± 3.58 24.01 ± 2.95 0.787
Hypentension 93 (28.18%) 3 (23.08%) 86 (29.45%) 4 (16%) 0.327
Non-hypertension 237 (71.82%) 10 (76.92%) 206 (70.55%) 21 (84%) 0.327
Diabetes 17 (5.15%) 1 (7.69%) 16 (5.48%) 0 (0) 0.451
Non-diabetes 313 (94.85%) 12 (92.31%) 276 (94.52%) 25 (100%) 0.451
INR (mean ± SD) 0.94 ± 0.06 0.95 ± 0.08 0.94 ± 0.06 0.94 ± 0.06 0.970
AST (mean ± SD) 21.2 ± 7.08 24.48 ± 9.5 21.04 ± 7.03 21.36 ± 6.12 0.290
ALT (mean ± SD) 24.06 ± 16.19 31.11 ± 20.87 24.15 ± 16.31 19.28 ± 10.01 0.283
TBIL (mean ± SD) 12.66 ± 5.42 11.55 ± 4.74 12.75 ± 5.54 12.22 ± 4.26 0.705
  1. *Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to compare continuous variables and chi-square tests were used to compare categorical variables