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Table 4 Comparison of intraoperative factors between HALS and laparoscopic groups

From: Vertical distance from navel as a risk factor for bowel obstruction associated with feeding jejunostomy after esophagectomy: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Total HALS Laparoscopic p value
univariate
n (%) or median (range)
Patients 70 28 42  
Intraoperative factors     
Distance between navel and jejunostomy     
Straight distance (mm) 66 (37–150) 97 (51–150) 57 (37–111) < 0.001**
Vertical distance (mm) 54 (17–135) 83 (28–135) 42 (17–98) < 0.001**
Horizontal distance (mm) 39 (14–60) 47 (22–60) 32 (14–60) < 0.001**
Surgical duration (min) 451 (309–613) 417 (309–498) 491 (351–613) < 0.001*
Estimated blood loss (mL) 119 (1–1030) 145 (5–1030) 75 (1–650) 0.051**
Length of button (cm) 4.0 (3.0–5.0) 4.0 (3.0–4.0) 4.0 (3.0–5.0) 0.030*
  1. HALS, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery
  2. *Unpaired t test
  3. **Mann–Whitney test
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