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Table 4 Comparison of GI Symptom Groups and Psychosocial and HQoL Variables

From: Classification of gastrointestinal symptom patterns in young adults

  Latent classification GI group
Mean (SD)
ANOVA
main effect
Post hoc tests
Mean difference significance
Variables Normal
(n = 648)
Mild
(n = 258)
Moderate
(n = 50)
F p η2 Normal (v) Mild Normal (v) Moderate Mild (v) Moderate
PHQ-9 4.90 (4.57) 8.47 (5.63) 10.30 (6.525) 47.924 <  0.001 .092 *** *** *
GAD-7 3.95 (4.43) 7.57 (5.58) 10.60 (6.45) 54.438 <  0.001 .103 *** *** ***
SF-36 SCALES
 PHYSICAL FUNCTION 94.23 (14.49) 91.76 (15.63) 88.70 (16.19) 5.013 <  0.01 .010   *  
 ROLE FUNCTION/ PHYSICAL 91.63 (20.00) 84.50 (28.02) 70.00 (38.80) 23.442 < 0.001 .047 *** *** ***
 ROLE FUNCTION/ EMOTIONAL 71.25 (36.75) 53.62 (38.08) 46.67 (34.34) 27.561 < 0.001 .055 *** ***  
 ENERGY/ FATIGUE 55.02 (18.44) 44.69 (16.59) 40.40 (20.15) 40.147 < 0.001 .078 *** ***  
 EMOTIONAL WELL-BEING 66.34 (17.54) 56.20 (18.60) 49.92 (22.16) 42..205 < 0.001 .081 *** ***  
 SOCIAL FUNCTION 83.10 (20.64) 70.00 (25.07 62.75 (24.16) 45.759 < 0.001 .088 *** ***  
 PAIN 86.82 (15.18) 76.85 (18.72) 64.45 (21.25) 66.402 < 0.001 .122 *** *** ***
 GENERAL HEALTH 68.28 (16.17) 59.38 (16.20) 52.50 (19.07) 42.971 < 0.001 .083 *** *** *
  1. Note. Post-hoc comparisons were evaluated using Tukey’s HSD and are marked according to the degree of significant difference. PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire; GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder; SF-36 36-Item Short Form Health Survey 1.0
  2. p < .05. ⁎⁎ p < .01. ⁎⁎⁎ p < .001