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Table 2 Univariate analysis of the associations between clinical factors and postoperative pancreatic fistula

From: Comparison of prognostic impact of anatomic location of the pancreas on postoperative pancreatic fistula in laparoscopic and open gastrectomy

Open gastrectomy (n = 118) Laparoscopic gastrectomy (n = 115)
Variables OR 95%CI p Variables OR 95%CI p
Age (years)     Age (year)    
≥75 1.48 0.59–3.74 0.402 ≥75 1 0.90–10.7 0.073
< 75 1 < 75 3.11
Sex     Sex    
Male 1.33 0.50–3.55 0.565 Male 1.22 0.48–3.08 0.677
Female 1 Female 1
BMI (kg/m2)     BMI (kg/m2)    
≥25 1.40 0.51–3.81 0.510 ≥25 2.49 1.00–6.19 0.051
< 25 1 < 25 1
ASA-PS     ASA-PS    
2,3 2.29 0.64–8.15 0.203 2,3 1.09 0.20–5.93 0.921
1 1 1 1
Comorbidity     Comorbidity    
Absent 1 0.51–2.94 0.653 Absent 1 0.54–2.96 0.591
Present 1.22 Present 1.26
cStage     cStage    
I, II 1 0.73–4.38 0.201 I, II N.E. N.E. N.E.
III, IV 1.79 III, IV
Procedure     Procedure    
TG 1.14 0.48–2.73 0.767 TG 2.00 0.38–10.6 0.415
DG/PPG/PG 1 DG/PPG/PG 1
Operative duration (min)     Operative duration (min)    
≥224 2.29 0.92–5.71 0.074 ≥277 1.91 0.81–4.51 0.140
< 224 1 < 277 1
Blood loss (g)     Blood loss (g)    
≥200 2.55 1.05–6.18 0.038 ≥5 1.38 0.60–3.18 0.442
< 200 1 < 5 1
D-number     D-number    
D2 1.19 0.47–3.02 0.719 D2 2.25 0.23–22.1 0.486
D1+ 1 D1+ 1
PLH (mm)     PLH (mm)    
≥12.4 1.63 0.68–3.87 0.266 ≥12.4 3.93 1.61–9.57 0.003
< 12.4 1 < 12.4 1
P-A length (mm)     P-A length (mm)    
≥45 1.01 0.25–3.96 0.995 ≥45 3.59 1.16–11.0 0.026
< 45 1 < 45 1
  1. BMI body mass index; DG, distal gastrectomy, PPG pylorus preserving gastrectomy, PG proximal gastrectomy, TG total gastrectomy, ASA-PS ASA physical status, PLH the maximum vertical length between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery, P-A pancreas–aorta