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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Comparison of prognostic impact of anatomic location of the pancreas on postoperative pancreatic fistula in laparoscopic and open gastrectomy

  Open gastrectomy (n = 118) Laparoscopic gastrectomy (n = 115) p
Age (years) median (range) 71 (39–90) 67 (42–88) < 0.001
Sex (male/female) 76/42 81/34 0.326
ASA-PS 1/2/3 9/91/18 8/99/8 0.122
Comorbidity
 Diabetes mellitus 18 (15.3%) 16 (13.9%) 0.641
 Cardiovascular disease 12 (10.2%) 15 (13.0%) 0.493
 Respiratory disease 18 (15.2%) 9 (7.8%) 0.077
 Renal dysfunction 3 (2.5%) 1 (0.8%) 0.322
 Total 51 (43.2%) 41 (35.7%) 0.237
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 Median (range) 22.3 (17.2–34.7) 23.2 (16.4–31.5) 0.484
Tumor location
 Upper third (%) 33 (28.0%) 27 (23.5%)  
 Middle third (%) 45 (38.1%) 32 (27.8%) 0.066
 Lower third (%) 40 (33.9%) 56 (48.7%)  
cStage
 I/II/III/IV 28/35/51/4 115/0/0/0 < 0.001
Surgical procedure
 DG (%) 60 (50.8%) 77 (67.0%)  
 PPG (%) 0 (0%) 3 (2.6%)  
 PG (%) 20 (16.9%) 25 (21.7%) < 0.001
 TG (%) 38 (32.1%) 10 (8.7%)  
Lymphadenectomy
 D1+/D2 38/80 112/3 < 0.001
Operative duration (min)
 Median (range) 224 (97–433) 277 (159–432) < 0.001
Blood loss (g)    
Median (range) 200 (0–1370) 5 (5–380) < 0.001
Perioperative transfusion
 Yes/No 12/106 1/114 0.002
D-Amy (IU/L)
 POD1 Median (range) 320 (43–16,764) 419 (38–12,154) 0.234
 POD3 Median (range) 123 (12–2855) 134 (24–5670) 0.016
POPF
 Total 27 (22.9%) 31 (27.0%)  
 BL 16 (13.6%) 24 (20.9%)  
 Grade B 10 (8.5%) 7 (6.1%) 0.239
 Grade C 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%)  
PLH (mm) median (range) 8.3 (−26.7–34.9) 10.1 (−19.8–24.9) 0.615
PLD (mm) median (range) 11.4 (−5–25.8) 11.2 (0–27.1) 0.842
P-A length (mm) median (range) 35.5 (12.3–59.8) 35.8 (16.7–49.8) 0.716
  1. ASA-PS ASA physical status, DG distal gastrectomy, PPG pylorus preserving gastrectomy, PG proximal gastrectomy, TG total gastrectomy, D-Amy amylase concentration in the drained fluid, POD postoperative day, POPF pancreatic fistula, BL biochemical leak, PLH the maximum vertical length between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery, PLD the maximum horizontal length between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery, P-A pancreas–aorta