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Table 2 Disease activity and inflammatory potential of diet of CD and UC participants and stratified for disease activity

From: The association between inflammatory potential of diet and disease activity: results from a cross-sectional study in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

    Disease activity CD Disease activity UC
CD UC Remission Mild Moderate Remission Mild Moderate
Disease activity
 sCDAI score 93 [47–156] 79 [44–103]a 171 [165–191]b 269 [233–326]c
  Range 44–357 44–146 150–218 220–357
 P-SCCAI score 1 [1–3] 1 [1–1]a 3 [3–4]b 7 [6–9]c
  Range 0–13 0–2 3–5 6–13
Dietary intake
 Nutrient intake
  Energy (kcal) 1912 ± 618 2011 ± 565 1958 ± 601 1789 ± 602 1780 ± 738 2050 ± 587 1919 ± 496 1958 ± 577
  Protein, EN% 15.0 ± 2.5 15.3 ± 2.7 15.1 ± 2.4 15.0 ± 2.2 14.6 ± 3.1 15.2 ± 2.8 15.4 ± 2.6 15.2 ± 2.6
  Carbohydrates, EN% 43.4 ± 7.3 42.5 ± 6.4 42.9 ± 7.4 45.6 ± 6.6 43.9 ± 7.2 42.2 ± 6.8 43.1 ± 5.7 43.1 ± 4.6
  Fat, EN% 36.4 ± 6.2 36.5 ± 5.5 36.7 ± 6.1 34.4 ± 6.1 37.3 ± 6.8 36.6 ± 5.8 36.1 ± 5.2 37.3 ± 4.4
 DII 0.79 ± 1.37 0.62 ± 1.28 0.64 ± 1.29a 0.97 ± 1.51a, b 1.52 ± 1.42b 0.51 ± 1.28 0.78 ± 1.13 0.98 ± 1.61
  Range −2.22 - 3.99 − 2.32 - 4.10 − 2.22 - 3.94 − 1.53 - 3.61 − 1.06 - 3.99 −2.32 - 3.46 −1.04 - 2.64 − 0.86 - 4.10
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD for normally distributed data or median [interquartile range] when skewed. Categorical data are presented as n (%)
  2. Abbreviations: CD Crohn’s disease, UC Ulcerative colitis, sCDAI Short Crohn’s Disease Activity Index, P-SCCAI Patient Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index, EN% Energy percent, DII Dietary inflammatory index
  3. a, bgroups with the same superscript letters do not differ significantly after post-hoc analyses using the Bonferroni test (p > 0.05)