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Table 2 Patients’ postoperative findings

From: Comparison of end-to-side hand-sewn and side-to-side stapled cervical esophagogastric anastomosis in patients with lower thoracic esophageal cancer undergoing transhiatal esophagectomy: an Iranian retrospective cohort study

Anastomosis type Hand-sewn
(n = 271)
Stapled anastomosis
(n = 162)
P value
Operation time (minute) 250.55 ± 43.31 214.46 ± 84.33 0.028
Morbidity Anastomotic leakage 38 (14.02%) 8 (4.93%) 0.002
Minor 37 (13.6%) 7 (4.32%)  
Major 1 (0.32%) 1 (0.61%)
Pneumonia 20 (7.38%) 15 (9.25%) 0.1
Pleural effusion 21 (7.74%) 11 (6.79%) 0.63
Pneumothorax 13 (4.79%) 7 (4.32%) 0.81
Chylothorax 5 (1.84%) 4 (2.46%) 0.23
ARDS 3 (1.1%) 0 0.24
RLN injury 4 (1.47%) 1 (0.61%) 0.38
Arrhythmia 9 (3.32%) 11 (6.79%) 0.07
Wound infection 5 (1.84%) 3 (1.85%) 0.63
Others 13 (4.79%) 12 (7.4%) 0.054
Mortality Hospital mortality 7 (2.58%) 4 (2.46%) 0.60
30-day mortality 1 (0.36%) 1 (0.61%) 0.57
90-day mortality 2 (0.73%) 0 0.48
Hospital stay (Days) 19.5 + 7.2 18.5 + 7.7 0.17
ICU stay (Days) 9.7 + 7.5 9.1 + 7.2 0.42
Malignant anastomotic Stricture 3 (1.1%) 2 (1.23%) 0.61
Pathologic positive margin 2 (0.73%) 2 (1.23%) 0.48
Reoperation Chylothorax 1 (0.36%) 2 (1.23%) 0.31
Tracheal injury 2 (0.73%) 0 0.39
Conduit necrosis 1 (0.36%) 1 (0.61%) 0.60
Non anastomotic leak 0 2 (1.23%) 0.13
  1. Patients’ postoperative outcomes in hand-sewn and stapled anastomosis groups