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Table 1 Patients’ demographic data and preoperative symptoms

From: Comparison of end-to-side hand-sewn and side-to-side stapled cervical esophagogastric anastomosis in patients with lower thoracic esophageal cancer undergoing transhiatal esophagectomy: an Iranian retrospective cohort study

Anastomosis type Hand-sewn
(n = 271)
Stapled anastomosis
(n = 162)
P value
Sex Female 85 (31.36%) 100 (61.72%) 0.08
Male 186 (68.64%) 62 (38.28%)
Age (year) 65.44 ± 19.11 62.62 ± 20.19 0.338
Preoperative complaints Dysphagia 271 (100%) 162 (100%) 1
Heart burn 130 (47.97%) 87 (53.7%) 0.24
Weight loss 100 (36.9%) 54 (33.33%) 0.45
Odynophagia 75 (27.67%) 68 (41.97%) 0.482
Tumor type SCC 250 (92.25%) 135 (83.33%) 0.004
Adenocarcinoma 21 (7.74%) 27 (16.66%)
Stage of tumor 1 54 (19.92%) 19 (11.72%) 0.01
2 140 (51.66%) 78 (48.14%)
3 77 (28.41%) 65 (40.12%)
  1. Patients’ demographic data and preoperative symptoms patients underwent hand-sewn and stapled anastomosis groups