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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Participants According to Diagnosis of Diverticulosis

From: Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with lower prevalence of asymptomatic diverticulosis: a cross-sectional colonoscopy-based study

Characteristics Mean ± SD or n(%)
No Diverticulosis n = 304 Confirmed Diverticulosis n = 245
Age, years 58.3 ± 9.6 65.1 ± 9.1
Gender, male 125 (41.1) 130 (53.1)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 26.4 ± 5.2 28.2 ± 5.8
Smoking History
 Current 7 (2.3) 9 (3.7)
 Past 80 (26.3) 94 (38.4)
 Never 213 (70.1) 139 (56.7)
Physical activitya, MET/week 40.3 ± 35.9 32.3 ± 37.1
Regular NSAID Use in Past 2 Years (> 2 tablets/week) 74 (24.3) 72 (30.2)
Dietary Pattern
 Western standard 164 (54.4) 141 (57.6)
 Low red meat (< 3 times/month) 104 (34.2) 78 (31.8)
 No red meat 23 (7.6) 23 (9.4)
Number of bowel movements
  > 1/day 61 (20.1) 31 (12.7)
 1/day 151 (49.8) 135 (55.1)
  < 1/day 86 (28.3) 76 (31.0)
  1. aPhysical activity includes jogging, running, biking, swimming, tennis, aerobics, and other vigorous exercises
  2. Abbreviation: MET metabolic equivalent task