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Table 4 Risk factors associated with mortality

From: Aetiologies and outcomes of patients with abdominal pain presenting to an emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania: a prospective cohort study

VariableTotal
N (%)
Died
n (%)
Relative risk
95% CI
p-value
Age > 6529 (14.6)3 (10.3)1.4 (0.4–4.5)0.6
Male73 (36.7)10 (13.7)2.9 (1.1–7.6)0.03
Referred118 (59.3)11 (9.3)1.5 (0.5–4.2)0.4
Past medical history
 Previous surgery37 (18.6)3 (8.1)0.1 (0.03–0.4)0.0003
 Malignancy18 (9.0)3 (16.7)2.3 (0.7–7.4)0.1
 Diabetes8 (4.0)1 (12.5)1.6 (0.2–10.6)0.6
 HIV8 (4.0)1 (12.5)1.6 (0.2–10.6)0.6
Abnormal vitals
 MAP< 65 mmHg5 (2.5)1 (20)2.6 (0.4–16)0.3
 HR > 100 bpm74 (37.2)8 (10.8)2.2 (0.8–6.1)0.1
 RR > 22 cpm18 (9.0)4 (22.2)3.4 (1.2–9.3)0.02
 HDU/ICU admission2 (1.0)2 (100)14.1 (8.5–23.3)< 0.0001