Skip to main content

Table 3 Constipation symptoms in the total study group

From: The influence of demographic characteristics on constipation symptoms: a detailed overview

 OverallSexAge
TotalMenWomen 18–38 years39–54 years55–80 years 
n (%)n (%)n (%)p valuen (%)n (%)n (%)p value
Total892 (100)405 (100)487 (100) 298 (100)299 (100)294 (100) 
Constipation symptoms included in the Rome IV criteria for functional constipation
 Straining a238 (26.7)85 (21.0)153 (31.4)< 0.001**110 (36.9)70 (23.3)58 (19.7)< 0.001**
 Incomplete defecation a191 (21.4)63 (15.6)128 (26.3)< 0.001**88 (29.5)59 (19.7)44 (15.0)< 0.001**
 Anal blockage a125 (14.0)39 (9.6)86 (17.7)0.001**58 (19.5)38 (12.7)29 (9.9)0.002**
 Hard or lumpy stool consistency87 (9.8)30 (7.4)57 (11.7)0.03*32 (10.7)26 (8.7)29 (9.9)0.69
 Stool frequency less than 3 times a week73 (8.2)27 (6.7)46 (9.4)0.1341 (13.8)19 (6.3)13 (4.4)< 0.001**
 Using the hands during defecation a,b18 (2.0)4 (1.0)14 (2.9)0.05*5 (1.7)5 (1.7)8 (2.7)0.58
Other constipation symptoms
 Daily failure to defecate126 (14.1)38 (9.4)88 (18.1)< 0.001**65 (21.8)40 (13.3)21 (7.1)< 0.001**
 Average straining duration of more than 5 min132 (14.8)48 (11.9)84 (17.2)0.02*69 (23.2)38 (12.7)25 (8.5)< 0.001**
 Abdominal bloating324 (36.3)120 (29.6)204 (41.9)< 0.001**142 (47.7)119 (39.7)63 (21.4)< 0.001**
 Anal pain a109 (12.2)36 (8.9)73 (15.0)0.006*62 (20.8)26 (8.7)21 (7.1)< 0.001**
 Abdominal pain a173 (19.4)46 (11.4)127 (26.1)< 0.001**83 (27.9)63 (21.0)27 (9.2)< 0.001**
 Re-defecation within 1 h of stool passage a159 (17.8)59 (14.6)100 (20.5)0.02*59 (19.8)57 (19.0)43 (14.6)0.21
  1. a Complaints had to occur at least several times per month
  2. b Applying abdominal pressure with hands, manipulating the perineum, or removing stool from the rectoanal cavity with the fingers
  3. * Statistical significance of p < 0.05
  4. ** Statistical significance of p < 0.005