Skip to main content

Table 1 Definitions of technical success by ERCP indication

From: Infection control in ERCP using a duodenoscope with a disposable cap (ICECAP): rationale for and design of a randomized controlled trial

Indication for ERCPDefinition(s) of Technical Success
Suspected or confirmed bile duct stone(s)Extraction of stone(s)
OR
CBD clearance based on absence of filling defects on occlusion cholangiogram
[If difficult biliary stones are encountered during procedure, use ‘Difficult biliary stone(s)’ indication below, and above definition does not apply]
Difficult biliary stone(s) [23,24,25] – any of:
 • One or more stone(s) ≥ 15 mm
 • Barrel or other unusual shape
 • Multiple (4 or more stones)
 • Impacted stone(s)
 • Intrahepatic or cystic duct stone(s)
 • Stricture below stone(s)
Extraction of stone(s)
OR
CBD clearance based on absence of filling defects on occlusion cholangiogram
OR
Stenting of CBD as part of future plan to clear duct
Biliary stricture (benign or malignant)Successful placement of stent with proximal margin proximal to stricture
OR
Successful dilatation of stricture
Cholangioscopy or pancreatoscopySuccessful cholangioscopic or pancreatoscopic visualization of area of interest
Chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic stone(s) and/or pancreatic stricture(s)Successful cannulation of main pancreatic duct (PD)
AND AT LEAST 1 OF:
Pancreatic sphincterotomy
Stenting or dilatation of PD
Extraction of PD stone(s)
Pancreas divisumSuccessful minor papilla cannulation
AND
Successful pancreatic sphincterotomy
Stent removal or exchangeSuccessful removal and/or exchange of stent(s)
Treatment of peri-ampullary bleedingSuccessful endoscopic hemostasis
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunctionSuccessful biliary sphincterotomy