Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with surgical operation or mortality

From: Clinical outcomes of iatrogenic upper gastrointestinal endoscopic perforation: a 10-year study

 Operation or mortalityMortality
Absence (n = 23)Operation or
Mortality (n = 5)
P valueSurvivors (n = 25)Death (n = 3)Total (n = 28)P value
Male, n (%)12 (82.2)3 (60.0)0.7513 (52.0)2 (66.7)15 (53.6)0.630
Age, mean (SD)63.8 (17.6)73.2 (15.4)0.28463.2 (17.0)84.3 (1.52)65.5 (17.4)0.045
ECOG  0.004   < 0.001
022 (95.7)2 (40.0) 24 (96.0)0 (0)24 (85.7) 
10 (0)1 (20.0) 0 (0)1 (33.3)1 (3.6) 
21 (4.3)2 (40.0) 1 (4.0)2 (66.7)3 (10.7) 
Advanced cancer, n (%)1 (4.3)3 (60.0)0.0011 (4.0)3 (100)4 (14.3)< 0.001
History of gastrointestinal operation0 (0)2 (40.0)0.0021 (4.0)1 (33.3)2 (7.1)0.062
Site of perforation, n(%)  0.146   0.254
Stomach10 (43.5)2 (40.0) 11 (44.0)1 (33.3)12 (42.9) 
Esophagus5 (21.7)3 (60.0) 6 (24.0)2 (66.7)8 (28.6) 
Duodenum8 (34.8)0 (0) 8 (32.0)0 (0)8 (28.6) 
Gross perforation, n(%)19 (82.6)3 (60.0)0.08719 (76.0)3 (100)22 (78.6)0.632
Delayed diagnosis, n (%)5 (21.7)4 (80.0)0.0117 (28.0)2 (66.7)9 (32.1)0.175
Blunt trauma, n (%)2 (8.7)3 (60.0)0.0072 (8.0)3 (100)5 (17.9)< 0.001
Length of hospital stay, (days), mean (SD)9 (4.3)14 (10.3)0.05810.1 (5.8)8.6 (9.0)10.0 (6.0)0.693
  1. ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, SD Standard deviation