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Table 3 Mechanisms of iatrogenic endoscopic perforations

From: Clinical outcomes of iatrogenic upper gastrointestinal endoscopic perforation: a 10-year study

TypeNumber, (%)
Blunt trauma
 Endoscopic tip or shaft-induced injury6 (21.4)
 Self-expandable metal stent-induced injury1 (3.6)
Electrocoagulation-induced injury
 Snare-induced3 (10.7)
 Electrosurgical knife-induced16 (57.1)
 Coagulation-induced2 (7.1)