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Table 2 Characteristics of patients with iatrogenic endoscopic perforations

From: Clinical outcomes of iatrogenic upper gastrointestinal endoscopic perforation: a 10-year study

CharacteristicsTotal (n = 28)
Age, years (mean ± SD)65.5 (17.4)
Male sex, n (%)15 (53.6)
Mean hospital stay, days (mean ± SD)10.0 (6.0)
ECOG performance status, n (%)
 024 (85.7)
 11 (3.6)
 23 (10.7)
 Advanced malignancy, n (%)5 (17.8)
 Pancreatic cancer1 (3.6)
 Cholangiocarcinoma1 (3.6)
 Duodenal adenocarcinoma1 (3.6)
 Esophageal cancer1 (3.6)
 Gastric cancer1 (3.6)
Site of perforation
 Esophagus
 Cervical esophagus2 (7.1)
 Thoracic esophagus1 (3.6)
 Lower esophagus5 (17.8)
Stomach
 Antrum2 (7.1)
 Angle2 (7.1)
 Lower body1 (3.6)
 Mid body2 (7.1)
 Upper body1 (3.6)
Duodenum
 Bulb2 (7.1)
 2nd portion4 (14.3)
 Ampulla6 (21.4)
  1. ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, SD Standard deviation