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Table 3 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of adult patients presenting with UGIB

From: Profile and outcome of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding presenting to urban emergency departments of tertiary hospitals in Tanzania

VARIABLEFREQUENCY (%)
Age (yrs.)
 Median age42 years (IQR 32–64)
  > 40 years64 (52.0%)
Sex
 Male87 (70.7%)
Referral Status
 Hospital referred77 (62.6%)
Insurance Status
 Uninsured99 (80.5%)
Presenting Complaint
 Hematemesis34 (27.6%)
 Melena33 (26.8%)
 Hematochezia11 (8.9%)
 Hematemesis and Melena39 (31.7%)
 Hematemesis and Hematochezia6 (4.9%)
 Active Bleeding episode in ED8 (6.5%)
Vital Signs
 Tachycardia (HR > 100 /min)56 (45.5%)
 Hypotension (SBP < 100 mmHg)23 (18.7%)
 Sp02 < 90%6 (4.89%)
Medical history
 PUD39 (40.2%)
 UGIB25 (25.8%)
 Esophageal Varices17 (17.5%)
 Liver disease12 (10.3%)
 Others51 (52.6%)
 UGI endoscopy20 (16.3%)
 Band ligation4 (3.3%)
Clinical Rockall Score (n = 123)
 3–463 (51.2%)
  < 352 (42.3%)
  > 48 (6.5%)
Glasgow-Blatchford Score (n = 82)*
  ≥ 371 (86.6%)
  < 311 (13.4%)
  1. *Cut-off value for GBS severity determined as per the study by Ramfrez et al. [20]