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Table 2 Factors associated with esophageal varices among 223 study participants

From: The magnitude and correlates of esophageal Varices among newly diagnosed cirrhotic patients undergoing screening fibre optic endoscope before incident bleeding in North-Western Tanzania; a cross-sectional study

VariablesEsophageal varices presentUnadjustedAdjusted
No (n = 135)Yes (n = 88)OR(95%CI)p-valueOR(95%CI)p-value
Gender
 Female49 (36.3)28 (31.8)1.0   
 Male86 (63.7)60 (68.2)1.2 (0.6–2.0)0.492  
 Age years45 [34–55]51 [37–64]1.0 (0.9–1.1)0.0791.02 (1.0–1.04)0.030
Alcohol use
 No86 (63.7)64 (72.7)1.0   
 Yes49 (36.3)24 (27.3)0.6 (0.3–1.2)0.1620.9 (0.5–1.8)0.854
Jaundice
 No85 (63.0)51 (57.9)1.0   
 Yes50 (37.0)37 (42.1)1.2 (0.7–2.0)0.454  
Hepatitis status
 HBV positive30 (22.2)20 (22.7)1.0 (0.5–1.9)0.930  
 HCV positive3 (2.2)3 (3.4)1.5 (0.3–7.8)0.595  
 Negative100 (74.1)65 (73.9)1.0 (0.5–1.8)0.972  
 Spleen size (cm)14 [13–16]17 [15–18]1. 5 [1.2–1.6]< 0.0011.3 (1.2–1.5)<  0.001
 PVD (mm)14 [1.2–1.6]15.8 [1.4–1.7]1.3 [1.1–1.5]< 0.0011.2 (1.07–1.4)0.003
Ascites
 No32 (23.7)05 (5.7)1.0   
 Yes103 (76.3)83 (94.3)5.1 (1.9–13.0)0.0013.0 (1.02–8.7)0.046
 Hemoglobin(g/dL)8.1 [5.7–10]6.3 [5.2–9]0.9 [0.7–1.0]0.0160.8 (0.7–1.0)0.043
 PLT (a10^3)/μL!105 [72–147]96 [62.5–129]1.0 (0.9–1.1)0.310  
 Serum Albumin25 [24–35]25 [23–32]0.97 [0.94–.0]0.0700.97 (0.9–1.02)0.264
Child Pugh class C
 No121 (89.7)57 (64.8)1.0   
 Yes14 (10.3)31 (35.2)4.7 (2.3–9.5)< 0.0012. 9 (1.3–6.7)0.008
  1. CI: Confidence interval, HB: Hemoglobin, HB < 10 g/dL: moderate to severe anemia, HBV: Hepatitis B virus, HCV: Hepatitis C virus, PLT: Platelet; PSDR: Platelet to splenic diameter ratio, PVD: Portal vein diameter,