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Table 3 Outpatient endoscopic and radiological examinations five years to one year before hospitalisation, during hospitalisation or one year after hospitalisation of patients with IBS diagnosed in France in 2015 according to the number of reimbursements for certain tests

From: Healthcare use by 30,000 patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in France: a 5-year retrospective and one-year prospective national observational study

  Before hospitalisation During hospitalisation After hospitalisation
−5 −4 −3 −2 − 1
All All All All All All* 18–39 40–59 60–74 75 + All* 18–39 40–59 60–74 75 +
Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound
 0 42.0 45.5 50.3 55.6 63.8 99.3 98.9 99.4 99.4 99.3 73.0 70.4 72.9 74.5 76.6
 1 31.1 31.6 31.6 31.5 29.2 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 24.2 26.3 24.6 23.0 20.6
 2 14.9 13.5 11.7 9.3 5.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.2
 3 or more 11.9 9.3 6.5 3.6 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.6
Abdominal X-raya
 0 83.6 86.2 88.5 90.6 93.0 99.7 99.7 99.8 99.6 99.5 94.9 94.4 95.6 95.1 92.3
 1 10.4 8.8 7.6 6.5 5.0 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.5 4.4 5.1 3.8 4.2 6.3
 2 3.8 3.2 2.6 2.1 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.2
 3 or more 2.3 1.8 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Abdominal and pelvic CT scan
 0 72.5 74.5 77.1 80.3 84.5 99.6 99.5 99.6 99.6 99.3 87.4 88.0 87.9 87.4 83.4
 1 17.4 16.7 15.7 14.3 12.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7 11.3 10.7 10.9 11.1 14.8
 2 6.1 5.6 4.9 3.9 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.5
 3 or more 4.0 3.1 2.4 1.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4
Abdominal MRI
 0 91.8 92.6 93.5 94.7 96.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.5 95.3 96.7 97.0 98.0
 1 5.7 5.2 4.6 3.8 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 4.2 3.1 2.8 1.8
 2 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
 3 or more 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Upper GI endoscopy
 0 79.0 82.3 85.8 89.2 92.8 67.0 58.9 66.8 69.8 81.9 94.9 95.8 95.7 94.2 91.1
 1 15.9 13.9 11.5 9.1 6.4 33.0 41.1 33.1 30.2 18.1 4.9 4.0 4.1 5.7 8.6
 2 3.7 2.9 2.1 1.4 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
 3 or more 1.4 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Colonoscopy
 0 87.2 90.6 92.9 94.6 95.6 35.7 33.8 31.4 35.9 60.4 96.2 98.2 97.4 95.1 88.3
 1 11.4 8.5 6.5 5.1 4.2 64.3 66.1 68.5 64.0 39.4 3.7 1.7 2.6 4.8 11.6
 2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
 3 or more 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Polyp removal during colonoscopy
 0 95.7 96.8 98.0 98.9 99.4 96.3 98.3 96.1 95.0 96.2 99.5 99.8 99.8 99.2 98.5
 1 4.0 3.1 1.9 1.1 0.6 3.7 1.7 3.9 5.0 3.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7 1.5
 2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  1. awith or without contrast agent
  2. *P < 0.0001 for distribution comparisons between “all −1 year” vs “all 1 year”)