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Table 1 Cases of Esophageal Lymphangioma in the English Literature

From: Esophageal lymphangioma: a case report and review of literature

Case Author Year Country Gender Age Site Size (cm) Chief Complains Treatment
1 Watson-williams [4] 1934 UK Male 61 L NA Chest pain, vomiting Observation
2 Schmidt [5] 1961 USA NA NA NA NA NA Autopsy
3 Brady [6] 1973 USA Female 62 L 5 Epigastric pain Observation
4 Armengol-Miro [7] 1979 Spain Male 64 L 1 Epigastric pain Snare polypectomy
5 Tmamada [8] 1980 Japan Male 46 L NA Dysphagia, vomiting Open surgery
6 Liebert [9] 1983 USA Male 58 L 1.5 Dysphagia Snare polypectomy
7 Castellanos [10] 1990 Spain Female 66 M 2 × 1.5 Chest pain Open surgery
8 Yoshida [11] 1994 Japan Male 55 M 4 Heart burn Open surgery
9 Suwa [12] 1996 Japan Female 52 L 2.2 × 2 Dysphagia Snare polypectomy
10 Scarpis [13] 1998 Italy Male 64 L 1.5 Epigastric pain Snare polypectomy
11 Lee [14] 2002 Korea Male 37 M,L NA Dysphagia INF α2a and partial polypectomy
12 Yoon [15] 2004 Korea Male 72 L 5.1 × 2.3 Vomiting Open surgery
13 Saers [16] 2005 Germany Female 52 L 0.7 Dysphagia, chest pain, abdominal discomfort Endoscopic mucosal resection
14 Sushil [17] 2007 USA Male 68 L 1.4 × 1.4 Heart burn Snare polypectomy
15 Best [18] 2008 USA Male 68 U 3.5 × 2.2, 2 × 1.4 Dysphagia CO2 laser resection
16 Seybt [19] 2008 USA Male 53 L 4 Dysphagia, regurgitation Open surgery
17 Arashiro [20] 2010 Japan Female 33 L 1.9 × 1.5 Reflux symptoms Endoscopic submucosal dissection
18 Lee [21] 2011 Korea Male 55 M 0.7 NA Endoscopic resection with band ligation
19 Xue [22] 2012 China Male 58 M,L 10 × 2.5 × 1, 6 × 5 × 4 Dysphagia Open surgery
20 Zhao [23] 2013 China Male 35 U 0.8 × 0.6 Asymptomatic Dual-channel endoscopic resection
21 2013 China Female 42 M 0.8 × 0.5
22 2013 China Male 47 M 0.4 × 0.4
23 2013 China Male 38 M 1.2 × 0.7
24 2013 China Male 77 L 0.7 × 0.4
25 2013 China Female 50 M 0.8 × 0.5
26 Barbosa [24] 2015 Portugal Male 57 L 1.2 Asymptomatic Observation
27 Luo [25] 2017 China Male 41 L 6 × 1 Dysphagia Endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection
28 Zhao [26] 2017 China Male 59 M NA Choking Endoscopic mucosal resection
29 Hu [27] 2018 China Male 46 M 16 × 6 × 4 Dysphagia Endoscopic submucosal dissection
30 Min [28] 2018 China Female 44 M 7 Dysphagia Snare electrocautery
31 Present case 2019 China Female 48 U 1.5 × 1.2 × 1 Dysphagia Endoscopic submucosal dissection
  1. UK: United Kingdom; USA: United States of America; L: Lower esophagus; M: Middle esophagus; U: upper esophagus; INF: interferon