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Table 4 Procedures, investigations or tests over 12 months due to IBS-C

From: Economic burden of moderate to severe irritable bowel syndrome with constipation in six European countries

Procedures, investigations or tests due to IBS-C, n (%) FRANCE GERMANY ITALY SPAIN SWEDEN UK TOTAL
N 59 102 112 112 36 104 525
Anascopy 3 (5.1) 3 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (1.1)
Anorectal manometry 7 (11.9) 0 (0.0) 10 (8.9) 14 (12.5) 5 (13.9) 5 (4.8) 41 (7.8)
Antibody test tissue 2 (3.4) 2 (2.0) 17 (15.2) 7 (6.3) 3 (8.3) 3 (2.9) 34 (6.5)
Antibody testing endomysial 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 14 (12.5) 3 (2.7) 2 (5.6) 0 (0.0) 20 (3.8)
Barium enema 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 5 (4.8) 10 (1.9)
Blood tests, clinical chemistry 11 (18.6) 40 (39.2) 42 (37.5) 38 (33.9) 12 (33.3) 30 (28.8) 173 (33.0)
Blood tests, haematology 14 (23.7) 45 (44.1) 58 (51.8) 42 (37.5) 10 (27.8) 30 (28.8) 199 (37.9)
Colonoscopy 12 (20.3) 22 (21.6) 23 (20.5) 18 (16.1) 4 (11.1) 13 (12.5) 92 (17.5)
Computed tomography, abdominal 5 (8.5) 1 (1.0) 4 (3.6) 6 (5.4) 2 (5.6) 8 (7.7) 26 (5.0)
C-reactive protein (CRP) 8 (13.6) 22 (21.6) 13 (11.6) 6 (5.4) 8 (22.2) 8 (7.7) 65 (12.4)
Endoscopy, Small intestine 0 (0.0) 2 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.6) 1 (1.0) 5 (1.0)
Endoscopy, Upper GI 6 (10.2) 8 (7.8) 7 (6.3) 6 (5.4) 1 (2.8) 5 (4.8) 33 (6.3)
Erythrocyte sedimentation test 5 (8.5) 5 (4.9) 16 (14.3) 14 (12.5) 2 (5.6) 4 (3.8) 46 (8.8)
Esophagoscopy 3 (5.1) 7 (6.9) 6 (5.4) 5 (4.5) 2 (5.6) 1 (1.0) 24 (4.6)
Faecal occult blood 0 (0.0) 4 (3.9) 5 (4.5) 4 (3.6) 3 (8.3) 0 (0.0) 16 (3.0)
Faecal ova and parasite test 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 12 (10.7) 4 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9) 19 (3.6)
Fistulogram 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 1 (0.2)
Hydrogen breath test 5 (8.5) 6 (5.9) 10 (8.9) 8 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 29 (5.5)
Magnetic resonance imaging 7 (11.9) 6 (5.9) 4 (3.6) 4 (3.6) 2 (5.6) 3 (2.9) 26 (5.0)
Microbiological tests 1 (1.7) 4 (3.9) 4 (3.6) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 11 (2.1)
Radiology, Abdominal 2 (3.4) 2 (2.0) 13 (11.6) 8 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 9 (8.7) 34 (6.5)
Radiology, Upper GI 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (3.6) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9) 7 (1.3)
Sigmoidoscopy/proctosigmoidoscopy 0 (0.0) 4 (3.9) 1 (0.9) 2 (1.8) 2 (5.6) 6 (5.8) 15 (2.9)
Small bowel aspiration 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.8) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.6)
Stool examination 3 (5.1) 15 (14.7) 14 (12.5) 5 (4.5) 2 (5.6) 1 (1.0) 40 (7.6)
Thyroid function test 3 (5.1) 7 (6.9) 20 (17.9) 18 (16.1) 3 (8.3) 11 (10.6) 62 (11.8)
Ultrasound, abdominal 8 (13.6) 36 (35.3) 46 (41.1) 16 (14.3) 1 (2.8) 7 (6.7) 114 (21.7)
Urinalysis 1 (1.7) 22 (21.6) 23 (20.5) 18 (16.1) 4 (11.1) 9 (8.7) 77 (14.7)
Other 9 (15.3) 6 (5.9) 6 (5.4) 10 (8.9) 7 (19.4) 19 (18.3) 57 (10.9)
  1. GI gastrointestinal