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Table 4 Respondents’ self-reported health on EQ-5D before diagnosis and at the survey time, 2006 and 2015

From: The impact of diagnosis on health-related quality of life in people with coeliac disease: a UK population-based longitudinal perspective

EQ-5D Question 2015 2006
Level 1 No problem Level 2 Some problems Level 3 Severe problems Level 1 No problem Level 2 Some problems Level 3 Severe problems
N % N % N % N % N % N %
Mobility
 Before diagnosis 1126 83.4 209 15.5 15 1.1 524 75.2 159 22.8 14 2.0
 After diagnosis 1169 86.6** 179 13.3* 2 0.2*** 602 86.4*** 93 13.3*** 2 0.3**
UK pop. norma   73.1   26.7   0.2   78   22   0
Self-care
 Before diagnosis 1295 95.9 48 3.6 7 0.5 648 93.0 35 5.0 14 2.0
 After diagnosis 1305 96.7 40 3.0 5 0.4 673 96.6** 18 2.6** 6 0.9*
UK pop. norma   90.0   6.5   0.5   93   6   0
Usual activities
 Before diagnosis 899 66.6 395 29.3 56 4.2 403 57.8 249 35.7 45 6.5
 After diagnosis 1132 83.9*** 198 14.7*** 20 1.5*** 574 82.4*** 116 16.6*** 7 1.0***
UK pop. norma   75.9   21.5   2.6   78   19   3
Pain
 Before diagnosis 395 29.3 665 49.3 290 21.5 153 22.0 349 50.1 195 28.0
 After diagnosis 857 63.5*** 445 33.0*** 48 3.6*** 416 59.7*** 252 36.2*** 29 4.2***
UK pop. norma   54.6   41.3   6.2   58   37   4
Anxiety/depression
 Before diagnosis 837 62.0 411 30.4 102 7.6 351 50.4 259 37.2 87 12.5
 After diagnosis 1034 76.6*** 285 21.1*** 31 2.3*** 518 74.3*** 163 23.4*** 16 2.3***
UK pop. norma   73.1   24.8   2.2   75   23   2
  1. a UK population norms from Health Survey for England 2011 and 1996, respectively, standardised to age distribution of Coeliac UK survey respondents at the time of survey
  2. Proportion of respondents reporting significantly different level of response at the time of survey compared to before diagnosis: *** significant at the 1% level; **significant at the 5% level; *significant at the 10% level