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Table 1 Characteristics of NHANES III Participants Aged 60 and over by NAFLD status, U.S. 1988–1994

From: Prevalence and long-term outcomes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among elderly individuals from the United States

  Aged 60–74 (n = 2095) Aged 75 and over (n = 1176) All (n = 3271)
N. of NAFLD 973 461 1434
% of NAFLD (95% CI) 40.3% (37.2 to 43.5%) 39.2% (34.4 to 44.0%) 40.0% (37.5 to 42.4%)
  NAFLD No NAFLD NAFLD No NAFLD  
Age, mean (SE) 67.15 (0.12) 67.33 (0.17) 80.59 (0.23)* 81.22 (0.18) 71.16 (0.18)
Male, % 52.33 (1.74)*† 39.23 (1.39) 43.78 (2.06)* 30.82 (1.40) 42.06 (0.63)
Race, %
 non-Hispanic white 81.29 (2.17) 82.82 (1.27) 89.52 (2.16) 88.80 (1.18) 84.16 (1.38)
 non-Hispanic black 7.00 (0.66)*† 9.89 (0.89) 4.56 (0.87)* 8.35 (0.86) 8.20 (0.67)
 Mexican American 4.35 (0.45)*† 1.26 (0.12) 1.89 (0.36)* 0.78 (0.14) 2.14 (0.18)
 Other race 7.35 (1.94) 6.03 (0.98) 4.02 (1.90) 2.06 (0.53) 5.50 (1.12)
Current Smoker, % 14.85 (1.80)*† 19.94 (0.95) 7.24 (1.07) 8.23 (0.96) 15.02 (0.70)
Waist circumference (cm), mean (SE) 106.86 (0.30)*† 91.22 (0.34) 101.22 (0.55)* 90.65 (0.32) 96.75 (0.25)
BMI, mean (SE) 30.57 (0.19)*† 25.34 (0.12) 28.25 (0.22)* 24.67 (0.11) 27.06 (0.11)
BMI (kg/m2) > 30, % 46.24 (1.78)*† 13.24 (0.75) 31.77 (2.52)* 10.00 (0.86) 24.26 (0.82)
Diabetes, % 33.22 (2.18)* 4.06 (0.58) 32.85 (1.77)* 6.06 (0.76) 16.03 (0.73)
Hyperlipidemia, % 88.12 (1.19)* 81.38 (1.24) 86.07 (1.20)* 79.15 (1.51) 83.46 (0.70)
Hypertension, % 63.32 (1.63)*† 47.53 (1.41) 72.56 (2.02) 71.31 (1.64) 59.00 (0.86)
Metabolic Syndrome, % 44.42 (2.26)* 8.26 (0.62) 40.75 (2.21)* 9.30 (1.04) 22.49 (0.79)
History of cancer, % 17.42 (1.39) 18.50 (1.52) 27.28 (1.87) 27.11 (1.38) 20.66 (0.99)
History of CVD, % 20.63 (1.28)*† 12.75 (1.14) 31.21 (2.35)* 19.86 (1.54) 18.32 (0.84)
  1. NAFLD was defined as a US FLI score of ≥ 30 in the absence of any other cause of chronic liver disease
  2. *Different from No NAFLD in the same age group (p < .05)
  3. Different from NAFLD Aged 75 and over (p < .05)
  4. Abbreviation: SE standard error
  5. Data displayed by weighted percentage/mean (SE)