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Table 3 Spectrum of pathogens of biloma

From: A retrospective clinical and microbial analysis of 32 patients with bilomas

Microorganisms Absolute frequency Percentage
all microorganisms 121 100.0%
Aerobe gram-positive bacteria 48 39.7%
Enterococcus spp. 39 32.2%
 Enterococcus faecium 27 22.3%
 Enterococcus spp. susceptible to Ampicillin 12 9.9%
Staphylococcus spp. 5 4.1%
 Coagulase negative staphylococcus 4 3.3%
 Staphylococcus aureus 1 0.8%
Streptococcus spp. 3 2.5%
 Streptococcus viridans 3 2.5%
Other gram-positive bacteria 2 1.7%
Aerobe gram-negative bacteria 54 44.6%
Enterobacteriacae 52 43.0%
 Enterobacter spp. 16 13.2%
 Escherichia coli 13 10.7%
 Klebsiella spp. 12 9.9%
 Citrobacter spp. 9 7.4%
Non-Fermenters 4 3.3%
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2 1.7%
 Stenotrophomas maltophilia 2 1.7%
Other gram-negative bacteria 1 0.8%
Anaerobe bacteria 4 3.3%
 Clostridium perfingens 4 3.3%
Fungi 12 9.9%
 Candida spp. 11 9.1%
 Saccharomyces cervisiae 1 0.8%