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Table 3 Predictive factor for 30-day mortality in patients with ALF

From: The incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictors of mortality of acute liver failure in Thailand: a population-base study

  Adjusted Hazard Ratio 95% CI p-value
Primary hospital 1.08 1.02–1.14 0.01
Residence in central region 1.02 0.95–1.08 0.66
Age ≥ 60 years 1.29 1.22–1.37 < 0.001
Male 0.99 0.94–1.05 0.78
Co-morbidities
 Cerebrovascular disease 1.19 0.98–1.46 0.09
 Ischemic heart disease 1.32 1.18–1.47 < 0.001
 Diabetes mellitus 0.90 0.82–0.98 0.02
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.20 1.04–1.37 0.01
 Chronic kidney disease 1.32 1.17–1.48 < 0.001
Etiologies
 Hepatitis A virus 0.85 0.32–2.27 0.75
 Hepatitis B virus 1.44 1.21–1.72 < 0.001
 Hepatitis C virus 1.37 1.04–1.81 0.03
 Acetaminophen 0.47 0.32–0.69 < 0.001
 Autoimmune hepatitis 1.35 0.67–2.70 0.40
 Vascular cause 1.27 0.82–1.95 0.29
 Malignant infiltration 3.37 2.94–3.85 < 0.001
 Indeterminate 1.15 1.07–1.24 < 0.001
Complications
 Renal failure 3.64 3.43–3.87 < 0.001
 Septicemia 1.96 1.84–2.08 < 0.001
 Pneumonia 1.24 1.16–1.33 < 0.001
 Urinary tract infection 0.75 0.66–0.84 < 0.001