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Table 2 Clinical outcomes, requirement of therapeutic procedures and medical expense in hospitalized patients with ALF during 2009–2013

From: The incidence, etiologies, outcomes, and predictors of mortality of acute liver failure in Thailand: a population-base study

  Survived ≥ 30 days (n = 15,087) Died within 30 days (n = 5502) p-value
Length of stay (days) 9.7 ± 15.6 6.1 ± 6.5 < 0.001
Complication
 Acute renal failure, n (%) 2062 (13.7%) 2923 (53.1%) < 0.001
 Septicemia, n (%) 1703 (11.3%) 2041 (37.1%) < 0.001
 Pneumonia, n (%) 1370 (9.1%) 1156 (21.0%) < 0.001
 Urinary tract infection, n (%) 585 (3.9%) 290 (5.3%) < 0.001
Procedure during admission
 Liver transplantation, n (%) 1 (0.00007%) 0 0.55
 Renal dialysis, n (%) 188 (1.2%) 309 (5.6%) < 0.001
 Ventilator, n (%) 1125 (7.5%) 2895 (52.6%) < 0.001
Antibiotic usage, n (%) 381(2.53%) 156(2.84%) 0.22
Blood transfusion, n (%) 2470(16.4%) 2068(37.6%) < 0.001
Plasma exchange, n (%) 3(0.02%) 8 (0.14%) 0.001
Costs per admission (USD) 959.4 ± 2884.1 1392.8 ± 2172.3 < 0.001
  1. USD United States dollars