Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of a meta-analysis

From: Braun anastomosis lowers the incidence of delayed gastric emptying following pancreaticoduodenectomy: a meta-analysis

Outcome of interest No. of studies No.of patients Results OR/WMD 95% CI P-value I2 (%)
Braun Non-Braun
Overall DGE 11 1650 11.5 26.6% 0.32 0.24, 0.43 <0.001 46
Clinically significant DGE 9 1558 7.7% 21.5% 0.27 0.15, 0.51 <0.001 55
Operative time (min) 8 1059 21.8 −3.37, 45.72 0.09 83
Estimated blood loss (mL) 9 1454 −55.15 −151.46, 41.15 0.26 90
Transfusion 6 575 20.8% 25.7% 0.73 0.49, 1.09 0.12 28
Vomiting 4 651 16.9% 34.1% 0.42 0.27, 0.65 <0.001 0
NT reinsertion 3 685 6.6% 12.9% 0.43 0.23, 0.81 0.009 0
Prokinetics or antiemetics 3 256 30.7% 39.8% 0.58 0.34, 1.00 0.05 0
Pancreatic fistula 11 1664 12.0% 19.1% 0.62 0.38, 1.02 0.06 50
Bile leak 9 1561 3.3% 5.5% 0.50 0.29, 0.86 0.01 0
Intra-abdominal abscess 6 851 10.9% 8.4% 0.80 0.46, 1.41 0.44 0
Wound infection 8 1069 11.8% 10.5% 0.99 0.64, 1.15 0.95 0
Gastrointestinal hemorrhage 6 1216 4.5% 4.3% 1.14 0.63, 2.08 0.67 0
Pneumonia 6 962 6.5% 7.1% 0.91 0.53, 1.58 0.25 44
Urinary tract infection 4 382 3.3% 5.7% 0.48 0.18, 1.24 0.13 0
Mortality 11 1672 1.4% 1.6% 0.75 0.34, 1.68 0.48 0
Length of hospital stay (days) 7 969 −1.66 −2.95, − 0.37 0.01 0
  1. DGE delayed gastric emptying, NT nasogastric tube, OR odds ratio, WMD weighted mean difference, CI confidence interval