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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of studies included in the meta-analysis

From: Braun anastomosis lowers the incidence of delayed gastric emptying following pancreaticoduodenectomy: a meta-analysis

Reference Year Design EI (Region) N BG (M/F, agea) NBG (M/F, agea) Score
Kakaei [4] 2015 RCT 2013–2013 (Iran) 30 14 (10/5, 57) 15 (10/5, 55) 2
Hwang [5] 2016 RCT 2013–2014 (Korea) 60 30 (19/11, 69) 30 (19/11, 63) 3
Fujieda [6] 2017 RCT 2011–2016 (Japan) 68 34 (20/14, 66) 34 (24/10, 72) 3
Hochwald [11] 2010 NRCT 2001–2006 (USA) 105 70 (−/−, 65) 35 (−/−, 4) 8
Nikfarjam [12] 2012 NRCT 2009–2011 (Australia) 44 24 (15/9, 67) 20 (14/6, 70) 7
Cordesmeye [13] 2014 NRCT 2004–2011 (German) 45 51 (27/24, −) 62 (32/30, −) 6
Wang [14] 2014 NRCT 2008–2012 (China) 62 32 (17/15, 58) 30 (19/11, 57) 8
Zhang [15] 2014 NRCT 2009–2013(China) 395 347 (271/73, 57) 48 (22/26, 58) 8
Xu [16] 2015 NRCT 2000–2013 (China) 407 206 (124/82, 57) 201 (128/73, 58) 7
Meng [17] 2015 NRCT 2009–2013 (China) 203 98 (57/41, 62) 105 (68/37, 60) 8
Watanabe [18] 2015 NRCT 2008–2013 (Japan) 185 98 (57/41, 67) 87 (47/40, 70) 8
  1. EI enrolment interval, BG Braun group, NBG non-Braun group, RCT randomised controlled trial, NRCT non-RCT, M male, F female, ayears