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Table 5 Comparison of clinical characteristics between laparoscopic stapleless left lateral sectionectomy (LH) and open left lateral sectionectomy (OH) for hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm

From: Stapleless laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: reappraisal of the Louisville statement by a young liver surgeon

Categorical variables LH group a
(n = 16)
OH group
(n = 49)
p value
 Age (>  65 years (%)) 8 (50.0) 15 (30.6) 0.229
 Gender (Male(%) / Female(%)) 12(75.0) / 4(25.0) 35(71.4) / 14(28.6) 1.000
 Diabetes Mellitus (Yes (%)) 5 (31.3) 15 (30.6) 1.000
 Hypertension (Yes (%)) 5 (31.3) 14 (33.3) 1.000
 ESRDb (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 1 (2.0) 1.000
 Smoking (Yes (%)) 4 (25.0) 10 (20.4) 0.732
 Alcohol (Yes (%)) 7 (43.8) 13 (26.5) 0.223
 HBV surface antigen (Positive (%)) 8 (50.0) 24 (49.0) 1.000
 Hepatitis C virus (Positive (%)) 9 (56.3) 29 (59.2) 1.000
 Child-Pugh Classification (A(%) / B(%)) 16(100) / 0(0) 48(100) / 0(0) N.A.
 Symptoms (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 9 (18.4) 0.098
 ICG-15 (>  10% (%)) 8 (50.0) 16 (34.8) 0.374
 Preoperative α-fetoprotein (> 15 ng/mL (%)) 7 (43.8) 24 (49.0) 0.779
Continuous variables c LH group a
(n = 16)
OH group
(n = 49)
p value
 Age (years) 60.1 ± 3.61 61.1 ± 1.33 0.790
 BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 ± 1.10 25.5 ± 0.55 0.837
 ICG-15 (%) 11.0 ± 2.09 9.78 ± 1.04 0.575
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 13.6 ± 0.52 13.5 ± 0.30 0.963
 Albumin (g/dL) 4.1 ± 0.12 4.2 ± 0.05 0.101
 Bilirubin total (mg/dL) 0.56 ± 0.07 0.60 ± 0.04 0.655
 Preoperative α-fetoprotein (ng/mL) 150.1 ± 76.9 1196.9 ± 588.6 0.316
  1. ainclude laparoscopic and robotic left lateral sectionectomy
  2. bend-stage renal disease
  3. cmean ± standard error of mean