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Table 2 Comparison of clinical characteristics between laparoscopic stapleless left lateral sectionectomy (LH) and open left lateral sectionectomy (OH) for hepatocellular carcinoma

From: Stapleless laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: reappraisal of the Louisville statement by a young liver surgeon

Categorical variables LH group a
(n = 18)
OH group
(n = 75)
p value
 Age (>  65 years (%)) 9 (50.0) 27 (36.0) 0.293
 Gender (Male(%) / Female(%)) 13(72.2) / 5(27.8) 56(74.7) / 19(25.3) 1.000
 Diabetes Mellitus (Yes (%)) 6 (33.3) 18 (24.0) 0.549
 Hypertension (Yes (%)) 7 (38.9) 23 (37.7) 1.000
 ESRDb (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 3 (4.0) 1.000
 Smoking (Yes (%)) 4 (22.2) 13 (17.3) 0.735
 Alcohol (Yes (%)) 7 (38.9) 14 (18.7) 0.112
 HBV surface antigen (Positive (%)) 10 (55.6) 36 (48.0) 0.608
 Hepatitis C virus (Positive (%)) 7 (38.9) 27 (36.0) 1.000
 Child-Pugh Classification (A(%) / B(%)) 18(100) / 0(0) 72(97.3) / 2(2.7) 1.000
 Symptoms (Yes (%)) 0 (0) 19 (25.3) 0.019
 ICG-15 (>  10% (%)) 8 (44.4) 23 (31.9) 0.407
 Preoperative α-fetoprotein (> 15 ng/mL (%)) 8 (44.4) 33 (44.0) 1.000
Continuous variables c LH group a
(n = 18)
OH group
(n = 75)
p value
 Age (years) 60.2 ± 3.24 61.4 ± 1.32 0.707
 BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 ± 1.00 25.3 ± 0.42 0.704
 ICG-15 (%) 10.4 ± 1.90 10.5 ± 1.25 0.970
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 13.3 ± 0.51 13.3 ± 0.25 0.998
 Albumin (g/dL) 4.0 ± 0.11 4.1 ± 0.06 0.423
 Bilirubin total (mg/dL) 0.54 ± 0.06 0.72 ± 0.05 0.122
 Preoperative α-fetoprotein (ng/mL) 1496.4 ± 1356.6 1147.4 ± 42.5 0.748
  1. ainclude laparoscopic and robotic left lateral sectionectomy
  2. bend-stage renal disease
  3. cmean ± standard error of mean