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Table 2 Incidence of liver events, cardiovascular events and type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with NAFLD

From: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common liver-related complication in patients with histopathologically-confirmed NAFLD in Japan

Events n/N (%)a 1000 person years
Liver-related eventsb 10/364 (2.8%) 4.17
 Hepatocellular carcinoma 9/373 (2.4%) 3.67
 Hepatic encephalopathy 4/373 (1.1%) 1.60
 Esophago-gastric varices 6/368 (1.6%) 2.43
 Ascites 2/371 (0.5%) 0.80
 Jaundice 1/371 (0.3%) 0.40
Cardiovascular events 14/391 (3.6%) 5.73
Type 2 diabetes mellitus 19/273 (7.0%) 9.95
Malignancies except for hepatocellular carcinoma 21/369 (5.7%) 8.93
  1. an; number of events. N; number of patients, not having, or having had, the respective event simultaneously or previously to the time of NAFLD diagnosis
  2. bLiver-related events were evaluated in patients, without previous or current hepatocellular carcinoma at the time of NAFLD diagnosis