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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of included patients

From: Predictors of distant metastasis on exploration in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer

  Total (n = 235) NM (n = 173) WM (n = 62) p
Age (years) (mean ± SD) 61.7 ± 10.4 62.5 ± 10.4 59.4 ± 10.0 0.041
Sex, male/female 151/84 105/68 46/16 0.057
Chief complaint
 Pain 150 106 44 0.173
 Without pain 85 67 18  
 Jaundice 73 61 12 0.200
 Without jaundice 162 112 50  
 Weight loss 100 70 30 0.279
 Without weight loss 135 103 32  
Personal history
 Smoking, yes/no 48/187 34/139 14/48 0.624
 Drinking, yes/no 38/197 32/141 6/56 0.106
 Hypertension, yes/no 71/164 51/122 20/42 0.683
 Diabetes, yes/no 36/199 25/148 11/51 0.537
Interval between imaging and surgery, days 6.3 ± 4.8 6.3 ± 4.6 6.2 ± 5.2 0.868
Tumor size on MDCT (cm) 4.2 ± 1.9 3.8 ± 1.6 5.5 ± 2.0 < 0.001
Tumor location
 Head 174 134 40 0.046
 Body or tail 61 39 22  
Laboratory examinations
 ALT 124.6 ± 173.1 142.2 ± 179.1 75.9 ± 146.1 0.010
 AST 84.3 ± 100.5 94.4 ± 105.0 56.3 ± 81.2 0.010
 TBil 73.9 ± 103.8 81.6 ± 107.6 52.4 ± 89.5 0.057
 DBil 50.3 ± 74.6 55.4 ± 77.2 36.3 ± 65.7 0.085
 ALB 40.0 ± 5.4 40.1 ± 5.4 39.7 ± 5.2 0.686
 AFP 2.9 ± 1.8 2.8 ± 1.4 3.1 ± 2.6 0.293
 CA19–9 385.5 ± 378.8 335.7 ± 350.2 525.2 ± 422.0 < 0.001
 CEA 8.9 ± 20.3 8.1 ± 21.9 11.1 ± 14.7 0.328