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Table 1 Anthropometric and clinical data (GSRS items) of HC, D-IBS, and CD patients

From: Noninvasive biomarkers of gut barrier function identify two subtypes of patients suffering from diarrhoea predominant-IBS: a case-control study

  HC D-IBS CD
Anthropometric parameters
 Sex 7/13 (M/F) 6/33 (M/F) 6/26 (M/F)
 Age (yrs.) 39.7 ± 7.2a 40.05 ± 12.2a 35.9 ± 3.71a
 BMI 23.8 ± 2.9a 23.9 ± 3.3a 22.39 ± 3.65a
GSRS single items
 Nausea/vomiting 1.0 (1–1)a 1.0 (1–6)b 1.0 (1–6)b
 Abdominal pain (colic pain) 1.0 (1–1)a 3.0 (1–7)b 2.0 (1–7)b
 Gastric hunger pain 1.0 (1–1)a 2.0 (1–7)b 2.0 (1–7)b
 Abdominal distension 1.0 (1–1)a 5.0 (1–7)b 5.0 (1–7)b
 Burping 1.0 (1–1)a 2.0 (1–7)b 1.0 (1–7)b
 Borborygmi 1.0 (1–1)a 3.0 (1–7)b 3.0 (1–7)b
 Flatulence 1.0 (1–1)a 4.0 (1–7)b 4.0 (1–7)b
 Increased passage of stools 1.0 (1–1)a 1.0 (1–7)b 2.0 (1–7)b
 Bristol score 3.0 (3–4)a 4.0 (3–7)b 4.0 (2–7)b
 Urgent bowel movement 1.0 (1–1)a 3.0 (1–7)b 3.0 (1–7)b
 Feeling of incomplete defecation 1.0 (1–1)a 3.0 (1–7)b 2.5 (1–5)b
GSRS combination scores
 Abdominal pain 6.0 (6–6)a 14 (6–25)b 13.5 (6–29)b
 Indigestion syndrome 6.0 (6–6)a 19.0 (7–38)b 20.0 (7–42)b
 syndrome 3.0 (3–3)a 5.0 (3–21)b 6.5 (3–19)b
  1. HC healthy controls, D-IBS diarrhoea-predominant IBS patients, CD celiac disease patients. Continuous data are expressed as Mean ± SD, and discrete data are expressed as Median and range. All data were analysed by Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s post-test. Different superscripts differ significantly (p < 0.05)