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Fig. 7 | BMC Gastroenterology

Fig. 7

From: Noninvasive biomarkers of gut barrier function identify two subtypes of patients suffering from diarrhoea predominant-IBS: a case-control study

Fig. 7

Circulating levels of IL-6, IL-8, LPS, and TLR-4 in HC, D-IBS(−), D-IBS(+) patients, and CD patients. HC = healthy controls. D-IBS = diarrhoea-predominant IBS. D-IBS patients with a Lactulose to Mannitol ratio lower than 0.035 were considered D-IBS(−). D-IBS patients with a ratio value equal to or higher than 0.035 were considered as D-IBS(+). CD = celiac disease. A IL-6 = Interleukin-6; B IL-8 = Interleukin-8; C LPS = Lipopolysaccharide; D TLR-4 = Toll-like receptor 4. Data are expressed as Mean ± SEM and analysed by Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn’s Multiple Comparison Test. Means sharing the same superscript are not significantly different from each other (p < 0.05, Dunn’s test)

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