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Table 4 Comparison of POMS and the impression for upper GI endoscopy between pre- and post-distraction among the three groups

From: The influence of various distractions prior to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: a prospective randomized controlled study

  POMS and Impression for upper GI endoscopy Pre-distraction Post-distraction P-value
Group 2 (POMS: Score of negative mood)
A-H 46.7 ± 7.1 44.0 ± 6.8 <  0.05
C-B 49.8 ± 8.4 47.4 ± 8.0 NS
D-D 50.1 ± 8.6 47.5 ± 7.4 NS
F-I 46.6 ± 7.2 43.4 ± 7.1 <  0.05
T-A 51.1 ± 9.0 45.9 ± 8.9 <  0.01
TMD 47.8 ± 7.9 44.0 ± 7.8 <  0.05
(POMS: Score of positive mood)
V-V 55.9 ± 9.1 56.2 ± 10.0 NS
F 59.3 ± 8.5 59.5 ± 10.3 NS
(Impression for endoscopy)    
Strain 42.0 ± 25.3 32.9 ± 23.2 NS
Anxiety 39.3 ± 25.0 27.9 ± 23.5 <  0.05
Fear 28.1 ± 24.4 19.5 ± 21.2 NS
Group 3 (POMS: Score of negative mood)
A-H 47.8 ± 7.0 45.7 ± 7.5 NS
C-B 50.4 ± 7.1 47.3 ± 7.6 <  0.05
D-D 49.3 ± 6.8 46.4 ± 6.4 <  0.01
F-I 46.3 ± 7.3 43.3 ± 6.8 <  0.05
T-A 54.7 ± 9.4 48.0 ± 8.1 < 0.01
TMD 48.3 ± 7.0 44.3 ± 6.8 < 0.01
(POMS: Score of positive mood)
V-V 56.2 ± 9.1 55.3 ± 11.2 NS
F 59.8 ± 8.9 59.4 ± 10.9 NS
(Impression for endoscopy)    
Strain 53.9 ± 28.9 38.8 ± 21.5 < 0.01
Anxiety 33.8 ± 24.1 31.3 ± 23.8 NS
Fear 26.8 ± 18.8 27.0 ± 26.4 NS
Group 4 (POMS: Score of negative mood)
A-H 45.2 ± 7.7 41.9 ± 6.5 NS
C-B 47.5 ± 8.4 44.1 ± 7.0 < 0.05
D-D 48.4 ± 6.7 44.7 ± 6.1 < 0.01
F-I 44.2 ± 8.2 39.0 ± 6.1 < 0.01
T-A 50.3 ± 10.4 42.6 ± 8.8 < 0.01
TMD 45.1 ± 7.7 41.3 ± 6.6 < 0.01
(POMS: Score of positive mood)
V-V 53.0 ± 10.3 53.2 ± 12.1 NS
F 60.2 ± 9.3 60.2 ± 10.5 NS
(Impression for endoscopy)
Strain 41.7 ± 28.7 21.5 ± 23.5 < 0.001
Anxiety 31.3 ± 26.7 19.2 ± 21.9 <  0.05
Fear 21.8 ± 21.9 13.4 ± 19.4 < 0.05
  1. A-H anger-hostility, C-B confusion-bewilderment, D-D depression-dejection, F friendship, F-I fatigue-languid, GI gastrointestinal, POMS profile of mood states, T-A tension-anxiety, TMD total mood distress, V-V vigor-vitality. Data represent the means ± standard deviation (SD). P-value is based on the Mann-Whitney U-test. Significance is at the 5% level