Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Comparison of baseline characteristics among the four groups

From: The influence of various distractions prior to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: a prospective randomized controlled study

  Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 p-value
Number 51 52 51 52 NS
Gender (male/female) 32/19 33/19 29/22 26/26 NS
Age (years) 52.4 ± 6.5 52.0 ± 6.3 50.7 ± 7.5 52.1 ± 6.2 NS
Number of upper GI endoscopy experience 3.9 ± 3.8 4.8 ± 4.1 3.4 ± 2.7 3.7 ± 2.9 NS
Duration of upper GI endoscopy (seconds) 358 ± 104 377 ± 84 371 ± 121 361 ± 86 NS
First Score of POMS
 (Score of negative mood)
 A-H 46.9 ± 8.4 46.7 ± 7.1 47.8 ± 7.0 45.2 ± 7.7 NS
 C-B 48.1 ± 8.6 49.8 ± 8.4 50.4 ± 7.1 47.5 ± 8.4 NS
 D-D 48.7 ± 7.9 50.1 ± 8.6 49.3 ± 6.8 48.4 ± 6.7 NS
 F-I 45.7 ± 10.0 46.6 ± 7.2 46.3 ± 7.3 44.2 ± 8.2 NS
 T-A 53.0 ± 10.9 51.1 ± 9.0 54.7 ± 9.4 50.3 ± 10.4 NS
 TMD 47.4 ± 9.2 47.8 ± 7.9 48.3 ± 7.0 45.1 ± 7.7 NS
 (Score of positive mood)
 V-V 55.3 ± 10.8 55.9 ± 9.1 56.2 ± 9.1 53.0 ± 10.3 NS
 F 57.2 ± 9.6 59.3 ± 8.5 59.8 ± 8.9 60.2 ± 9.3 NS
VAS of first impression for upper GI endoscopy
 Strain 45.2 ± 27.7 42.0 ± 25.3 53.9 ± 28.9 41.7 ± 28.7 NS
 Anxiety 34.4 ± 28.2 39.3 ± 25.0 33.8 ± 24.1 31.3 ± 26.7 NS
 Fear 22.3 ± 23.1 28.1 ± 24.4 26.8 ± 18.8 21.8 ± 21.9 NS
  1. A-H anger-hostility, C-B confusion-bewilderment, D-D depression-dejection, F friendship, F-I fatigue-languid, GI gastrointestinal, POMS profile of mood states, T-A tension-anxiety, TMD total mood distress, V-V vigor-vitality, VAS visual analog scale
  2. Data represent the means ± standard deviation (SD), and number for categorical variables. P-value is based on the m × n χ2 test or Kruskal Wallis-test. Significance is at the 5% level