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Table 2 Selected demographic and clinical characteristics of participants (N = 799)

From: Comparison of AIMS65, Glasgow–Blatchford and Rockall scoring approaches in predicting the risk of in-hospital death among emergency hospitalized patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a retrospective observational study in Nanjing, China

Characteristics n (%)
Men (%) 612 (77.22)
Age, yr. (mean ± SD) 57.46 ± 18.04
Clinical symptoms
 Melena 671 (84.0)
 Coffee ground vomiting 90 (11.3)
Mental status or syncope 77 (9.6)
Signs and Laboratory Examinations (mean ± SD)
 Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg 118.37 ± 17.87
 Pulse, bpm 85.17 ± 13.53
 Hemoglobin, g/dL 9.48 ± 2.89
 Urea, mmol/L 9.84 ± 5.50
 Albumin, g/dL 3.37 ± 0.57
 INR 1.10 ± 0.49
Comorbidities
 Ischemic heart disease 120 (15.0)
 Diabetes mellitus 98 (12.3)
 Congestive cardiac failure 25(3.1)
 Liver disease 130 (16.3)
 Liver failure 123 (15.4)
 Chronic renal impairment 11 (1.4)
Endoscopic finding
 Mallory-Weiss tear 40 (5.0)
 Peptic ulcer disease 484 (60.6)
 Malignancy 65 (8.1)
 Erosive esophagitis 9 (1.1)
 Other diagnoses 201 (25.2)
Stigmata of recent hemorrhage
 Clean-based ulcer 462 (57.7)
 Flat pigmented spot 279 (34.9)
 Blood in upper gastrointestinal tract, 30 (3.8)
 Clot 3(0.4)
 Visible vessel 6(0.8)
 Bleeding 19 (2.4)