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Table 1 Factors and scoring algorithms included in GBS, RS and AIMS65

From: Comparison of AIMS65, Glasgow–Blatchford and Rockall scoring approaches in predicting the risk of in-hospital death among emergency hospitalized patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a retrospective observational study in Nanjing, China

  Admission clinical factor Parameter Score
GBS BUN (mmol/L) 6.5–7.9 2
8.0–9.9 3
10.0–24.9 4
≥ 25.0 6
Hemoglobin level (g/dL) Male: ≥ 12 to < 13 1
Female: ≥ 10 to < 12 1
Male: ≥ 10 to < 12 3
Male: < 10, female: < 10 6
SBP (mm Hg) ≥ 100 to < 109 1
≥ 90 to < 100 2
< 90 3
Other marker HR ≥ 100 bpm 1
Melena 1
Syncope 2
Hepatic disease or cardiac failure 2
RS Age (yr) < 60 0
60–79 1
≥ 80 2
Shock HR > 100 bpm 1
SBP < 100 mmHg 2
Comorbidity IHD, CHF, any major comorbidity renal failure, liver failure 2
metastatic malignancy 3
Endoscopic finding Mallory-Weiss tear or no lesion 0
Peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis 1
Malignancy 2
Stigmata of recent hemorrhage Clean-based ulcer, flat pigmented spot 0
Blood in upper gastrointestinal tract, clot, visible vessel, bleeding 2
AIMS65 Albumin (g/dL) < 3.0 1
INR > 1.5 1
Mental status Altered 1
SBP (mm Hg) ≤ 90 1
Age (yr) ≥ 65 1
  1. GBS glasgow-blatchford score, BUN blood urea nitrogen level, SBP systolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, RS rockall risk score, IHD ischemic heart disease, CHF congestive heart failure, INR international normalized ratio, AIMS65 AIMS65 score