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Table 1 Cytokine levels in supernatants of whole-blood CD3+- and CD28+-stimulated cultures from healthy women (n = 14)

From: Effect of administration of a probiotic preparation on gut microbiota and immune response in healthy women in India: an open-label, single-arm pilot study

Cytokine Before probiotic administration After probiotic administration for four weeks Four weeks after stopping probiotic administration
IL-2 23.4 (1.7–210.2) 38.7 (0–673.3) 17.4 (0.9–44.3)
IL-4 3.9 (0–16.0) 4.3 (0–35.4) 2.8 (0–19.0)
IL-6 4009 (393–12,954) 4835 (163–10,068) 10,791 (2073–14,754)
IL-10 41.9 (4.7–1664.0) 37.3 (5.5–410.3) 99.2 (17.6–481.6)
TNF 125.2 (23.5–584.8) 103.4 (15.9–487.9) 258.3 (68.8–1191.2)
IFN-γ 30.8 (8.3–309.8) 23.5 (0–416.5) 34.6 (0–858.8)
IL-17 9.3 (0–47.3) 10.5 (0–57.1) 16.6 (0–58.9)
  1. The levels were measured using cytometric bead array. All data are shownin pg/ml and as median (range)