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Table 2 Differences between normal BMD group and decreased BMD group

From: Relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and bone mineral density: a retrospective cross-sectional study

  Normal BMD
n = 311
Decreased BMD
n = 556
p value
Sex    0.023*
 Male n, % 219(70.4%) 349(62.8%)  
 Female n, % 92(29.6%) 207(37.2%)  
Age (years old) 49.8 ± 11.3 59.4 ± 9.8 < 0.001*
BMI(Kg/m2) 25.4 ± 3.7 24.7 ± 3.5 0.006*
Waist circumference(cm) 85.9 ± 10.1 84.7 ± 10.5 0.08
Total cholesterol(mg/dl) 191.2 ± 34.5 198.2 ± 36.2 0.005*
HDL cholesterol(mg/dl) 54.4 ± 14.9 57.8 ± 15.8 0.002*
Triglyceride(mg/dl) 136.8 ± 83.8 129.2 ± 85.2 0.205
LDL cholesterol(mg/dl) 110.0 ± 31.5 115.3 ± 32.7 0.021*
Peptic ulcer n, % 111(35.7%) 240(43.2%) 0.032*
GERD n, % 69(22.2%) 118(21.2%) 0.741
H. pylori infection n, % 124(39.9%) 257(46.2%) 0.071
  1. *Indicates a significant difference, p < 0.05
  2. BMI body mass index, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, BMD bone mineral density, GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease, H. pylori Helicobacter pylori