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Table 2 Differences between the patients with and without gallstones

From: Gallbladder function predicts subsequent biliary complications in patients with common bile duct stones after endoscopic treatment?

  Gallbladder stones (+) Gallbladder stones (−) P
Gender (male/female) 55/31 21/11 0.866
Age (mean± SD, years) 62.5±17.9 66.5±16.6 0.276
Smoking (yes/no) 19/67 12/20 0.091
Alcohol drinking (yes/no) 13/73 5/27 0.946
Concomitant diseases
 Chronic lung disease (yes/no) 2/84 5/27 0.016
 Cerebrovascular diseases (yes/no) 4/82 3/29 0.387
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes/no) 37/49 16/16 0.016
 Renal failure (yes/no) 7/79 0/32 0.187
 Cancer diseases (yes/no) 10/76 2/30 0.509
 Liver disease (yes/no) 7/79 5/27 0.232
 Diabetes mellitus (yes/no) 15/71 10/22 0.103
JPD (yes/no) 29/57 16/16 0.106
CBD diameter (mean±SD, cm) 1.2±0.4 1.4±0.4 0.017
CBDS pass-out (yes/no) 18/68 5/27 0.518
Brown pigment stones (yes/no) 38/30 13/14 0.495
Largest CBDS size (mean±SD, cm) 0.8±0.4 1.0±0.5 0.016
CBDS number (single/multiple)a 43/25 16/11 0.719
Mean balloon diameter for EPBD (mean±SD)b 1.0±0.2 1.2±0.3 0.002
Mechanical lithotripsy (yes/no) 4/82 8/24 0.003
Sessions for bile duct clearance (1/> 1) 80/6 30/2 1.000
Non-visualization of gallbladder in ERCP (yes/no) 24/62 19/13 0.002
Fatty meal sonographya
 Fasting volume(ml) 20.4±18.8 23.0±21.9 0.557
 Residual volume (ml) 5.2±5.3 6.0±11.8 0.624
 Ejection fraction (%) 48.9±36.0 63.2±33.1 0.070
 Ejection fraction at 30 min (≥50% vs < 50%) 39/44 20/7 0.014
  1. JPD: juxtapapillary diverticulum, CBD: common bile duct, CBDS: common bile duct stone, EPBD: endoscopic papillary balloon dilation
  2. a8 patients with small contracted gallbladder or gas block were excluded
  3. bOnly the 113 patients who received EPBD were included