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Table 2 Personality traits in children with abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders and controls

From: Functional gastrointestinal diseases and psychological maladjustment, personality traits and quality of life

  IBS
(n = 74)
FD
(n = 25)
AM
(n = 54)
FAP
(n = 67)
AP-FGIDs total
(n = 202)
Controls
(n = 1495)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Hostility and aggression 13.5 (3.2)* 12.5 (2.7) 13.7 (3.3)* 13.2 (3.9) 13.4 (3.4) ** 12.6 (3.4)
Dependence 20.0 (2.5) 19.0 (3.4) 20.0 (3.1) 19.2 (3.1) 19.7 (2.8) 19.7 (2.8)
Negative self-esteem 11.4 (2.9)* 11.8 (2.6)* 11.9 (3.2)** 11.6 (3.6)** 11.6 (3.1) ** 10.5 (2.9)
Negative self-adequacy 10.8 (3.4)* 11.0 (3.2) 10.7 (3.6) 11.0 (3.9)** 10.8 (3.5) ** 9.9 (3.2)
Emotional unresponsiveness 12.7 (3.2)** 12.8 (3.5) 13.3 (2.8)** 12.4 (3.4)* 12.7 (3.2) ** 11.4 (3.1)
Emotional instability 16.9 (3.0)** 16.2 (3.3) 17.4 (3.9)** 16.0 (3.8) 16.7 (3.5) ** 15.6 (3.6)
Negative world view 11.5 (3.5)** 11.3 (3.4) 12.1 (3.7)** 10.5 (3.4) 11.2 (3.5) ** 10.2 (3.6)
Total personality score 96.9 (13.7)** 94.6 (11.5) 99.0 (14.8)** 94.0 (16.9)* 96.1 (14.7) ** 89.8 (14.5)
  1. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, compared to controls, unpaired t-test