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Table 6 Regression analysis on comparison of self-reported upper gastrointestinal symptoms between H.pylori (+) (n = 99) and H.pylori (−) (n = 219) patients, Dessie Referral Hospital, 2015

From: Uninvestigated dyspepsia and associated factors of patients with gastrointestinal disorders in Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia

Self-reported Upper gastrointestinal symptoms HP(+) = n (%) HP(−) = n (%) COR(CI) p-value AOR(CI) p-value
PPF Yes 41(41.5) 42(19.2) 2.98(1.76–5.02) <0.001
No 58(48.5) 177(80.8) ref    
ES Yes 39(39.4) 33(15.1) 3.66(2.12–6.33) <0.001 2.68(1.38–5.20) 0.004*
No 60(60.6) 186(84.9) ref   ref  
Epigastric burning/pain Yes 58(58.6) 76(34.7) 2.66(1.64–4.33) <0.001 1.92(1.07--3.43) 0.028*
No 41(41.4) 143(65.3) ref   ref  
PPF & ES Yes 34(34.3) 28(12.8) 3.57(2.01–6.33) <0.001
No 65(65.7) 191(87.2) ref    
UD & HB Yes 40(40.4) 38(17.4) 3.23(1.90–5.50) <0.001
No 59(59.6) 181(82.6) ref    
Belching Yes 40(40.4) 40(18.3) 3.47(1.05--12.57) 0.050 4.70 (1.54–14.4) 0.007*
No 59(59.6) 179(81.7) ref   ref  
vomiting Yes 9(9.1) 9(4.1) 2.33(0.90–6.07) 0.082
No 90(90.9) 210(95.9) ref    
Nausea Yes 7(7.1) 4(1.8) 4.09(1.17--14.31) 0.028 3.91(1.03–14.87) 0.045*
No 92(92.9) 215(98.2) ref   ref  
UD & bleaching Yes 33(33.3) 33(15.1) 2.82(1.61–4.93) <0.001 0.28(0.06–1.01) 0.051
No 66(66.7) 186(84.9) ref   ref  
UD, HB & bleaching Yes 25(25.3) 18(8.2) 3.77(1.95–7.31) <0.001
No 74(74.7) 201(91.8) ref    
  1. Key: PPF = postprandial fullness, ES = early satiation, AOR = adjusted oddis ratio, COR = crude oddis ratio, HP = H. pylori, HB = heart burn, CI = confidence interval, UD = uninvestigated dyspepsia