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Table 1 Scoring systems involved in this study

From: Evaluation of scoring systems without endoscopic findings for predicting outcomes in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

Scoring system Clinical factors Parameters Score
mGBS Pulse ≥ 100 1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 100–109 1
90–99 2
< 90 3
Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 19–22.3 2
22.4–27.9 3
28–69.9 4
≥ 70 6
Hemoglobin for male (g/dL) 12–12.9 1
10–11.9 3
< 10 6
Hemoglobin for female (g/dL) 10–11.9 1
< 10 6
GBS (includes four additional factors) Hepatic disease Present 2
Cardiac failure Present 2
Melena Present 1
Syncope Present 2
Pre-E RS Age < 60 0
60–79 1
≥ 80 2
Shock absent 0
Heart rate > 100 1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) < 100 2
Comorbidity Nil major 0
IHD, CHF, other major 2
RF, HF, Malignancy 3
  1. mGBS modified Glasgow-Blatchford score, GBS Glasgow-Blatchford score, Pre-E RS Pre-endoscopy Rockall score, IHD ischemic heart disease, CHF congestive heart failure, RF renal failure, HF hepatic failure