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Table 4 Factors associated with recurrence in patients who underwent surgical resection for gastric GISTs

From: Two staging systems for gastrointestinal stromal tumors in the stomach: which is better?

Variables Univariate Analysis Multivariate Analysis
HR 95% CI P-value HR 95% CI P-value
Sex
 Male 1      
 Female 0.58 0.16–2.17 0.420    
Age (years)
  ≤ 60 1      
  > 60 2.64 0.66–10.54 0.171    
Tumor size (cm)       
  ≤ 5 1    1   
  > 5 16.58 3.44–79-83 <0.001 10.75 2.12–54.60 0.004
Mitotic count (per 50 high-power fields)
  ≤ 5 1    1   
  > 5 16.72 2.09–133.95 0.008 10.55 1.25–88.85 0.030
Histologic subtype
 Spindle type 1    1   
 Epithelioid and mixed type 4.48 1.12–18.00 0.034 5.73 1.29–25.53 0.022
Operative method       
 Laparoscopic surgery 1      
 Open surgery 4.76 0.99–22.93 0.052    
  1. HR hazard ratio, CI confident interval